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Flange Size Guide for Breastfeeding Mothers

breast flange size



Flange Size Guide for Breastfeeding Mothers

Breastfeeding can be a beautiful and fulfilling experience for mothers and their babies. However, it can also be challenging, especially for new mothers who are still getting used to their new role. One of the biggest challenges that new mothers face is finding the right size of flange for their breastfeeding needs. A flange is the part of the breast pump that fits over the nipple and areola to create suction and express milk.

It’s important to choose the right flange size as it can affect the comfort and efficiency of the pumping experience. A flange that is too small can cause discomfort, pain, and even nipple damage, while a flange that is too large can be ineffective and cause milk to leak. In this flange size guide, we will provide all the information you need to help you find the perfect size for your breastfeeding needs.

Understanding the Anatomy of the Nipple and Areola

Before we dive into finding the right flange size, it’s important to understand the anatomy of the nipple and areola. The nipple and areola are the two parts of the breast that are essential for breastfeeding. The nipple is the part that sticks out, while the areola is the dark-colored skin surrounding the nipple.

The size of the nipple and areola can vary greatly from mother to mother, and can even vary between the two breasts. It’s important to measure both nipples and areolas to ensure that you have the correct size for both.

Measuring Your Nipple and Areola

To determine the correct flange size, it’s important to measure both your nipple and areola. The easiest way to do this is to use a measuring tape or a ruler. Start by measuring the diameter of your nipple at its widest point. This is the most important measurement, as a flange that is too small will cause discomfort and pain.

Next, measure the diameter of your areola at its widest point. This measurement is important because it will help you determine the correct size of flange for your particular anatomy. If your nipple is small and your areola is large, you may need a larger flange to accommodate both.

Flange Sizes: What’s Available and What to Choose

Breast pump manufacturers offer flanges in a variety of sizes, ranging from 21mm to 36mm. It’s important to choose a flange size that is appropriate for your nipple and areola size. If you’re unsure what size to choose, it’s best to start with the smaller size and work your way up until you find the right size for you.

Here’s a general guide to help you choose the right flange size:

  • 21mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring less than 20mm
  • 24mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 20mm to 24mm
  • 27mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 24mm to 27mm
  • 30mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 27mm to 30mm
  • 36mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 30mm to 36mm

It’s important to note that these are just general guidelines and not all mothers will fit into these categories. If you’re still unsure about your flange size, it’s best to consult with a lactation consultant or your healthcare provider for personalized advice.

Tips for Choosing the Right Flange Size

Here are some tips to help you choose the right flange size for your breastfeeding needs

  1. Measure your nipple and areola size: As mentioned earlier, it’s important to measure both your nipple and areola size to determine the correct flange size. Don’t rely solely on the general guidelines as they may not apply to your specific anatomy.
  1. Try different sizes: If you’re not sure what size to choose, don’t be afraid to try different sizes. Start with a smaller size and work your way up until you find the right size for you. You can also try different shapes of flanges, such as the round or the funnel shaped, as some mothers find that one shape works better for them than the other.
  2. Consider your pumping frequency: If you plan on pumping frequently, it’s important to choose a flange that is comfortable and efficient. A comfortable flange will help you avoid discomfort and pain, which can make pumping less enjoyable and even cause you to give up breastfeeding.
  3. Check for proper suction: Once you’ve chosen a flange size, make sure to check for proper suction. A proper suction means that the flange is creating a seal around your nipple and areola, allowing for efficient milk expression. If the flange is too small, the suction will be insufficient, and if it’s too large, the suction will be too strong, causing discomfort and pain.
  4. Replace your flanges regularly: It’s important to replace your flanges regularly as they can become stretched out or worn down over time, affecting the suction and comfort. A good rule of thumb is to replace your flanges every three to six months.


Choosing the right flange size is an important aspect of breastfeeding, and it can make a big difference in your pumping experience. By following the tips and guidelines in this flange size guide, you can ensure that you find the perfect size for your breastfeeding needs. Don’t be afraid to try different sizes, and don’t hesitate to consult with a lactation consultant or your healthcare provider for personalized advice. Remember, the most important thing is to find a flange size that is comfortable, efficient, and helps you reach your breastfeeding goals.



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Breastfeeding During Your Period

low supply during period

What to do when your period slows  your milk supply

Many women believe that they won’t have their period while they are breastfeeding, but this belief is often not true. While some women may not experience the start of their normal period until months after their child is weaned, other women may begin their period within a few weeks or months after giving birth, while other women may spot off and on while breastfeeding or have irregular periods. Whether or not you get your period while you are breastfeeding is going to depend on many things and it is possible that with each pregnancy your period may start at a different time.

How Your Period Affects Your Breast Milk

Some women worry that having their period while breastfeeding will somehow make their breast milk unhealthy for their baby to drink. This couldn’t be further from the truth. Your breast milk is still perfectly healthy for your child and there is no reason why you can’t continue breastfeeding during your period, although your breasts may feel a little tender.

However, your period may have some minor effects on your breast milk. In some cases, your breast milk may taste a little different to your infant during your period so they may become fussy or not drink as much as normal. In other cases, the supply of your breast milk may diminish slightly due to hormonal changes in your body. As long as your baby is continuing to eat enough and gain weight there is nothing to worry about. However, if you are worried that your infant is not getting enough to eat either because they refuse to feed due to the taste of your milk or because you have less milk, then consult a medical professional.

Things You Can do to Keep Your Supply of Milk Abundant During Your Period

If your breast milk supply does slow or dwindle there are some natural things you can do to help stimulate your body into making more milk. Here are some things you can try to help increase production during this time.

  • Increase Feedings- One of the first things you could try is increasing the number of times you breastfeed a day and the length of time you spend breastfeeding each session. If your breast milk supply has decreased, your baby will probably welcome an extra feeding or two. In the alternative, your infant may also want to feed longer at each feeding to feel full. By increasing your feedings to meet your baby’s hunger, you will be also encouraging your body to produce more milk.


  • Stimulate Your Breast Between Feedings- Stimulating your breasts between feedings by either using a breast pump or by hand stimulation can also help increase your production of breast milk. Power Pumping helps too.


  • Herbal Breastfeeding Tea- You can also drink some herbal breastfeeding tea to help gently increase your breast milk production.



  • Stay hydrated: It’s important to stay hydrated during your period, as this can help reduce engorgement and discomfort.


  • Use pain relief: If you’re experiencing menstrual cramps, over-the-counter pain relief medication can help. Just be sure to consult with your doctor first.


  • Change nursing pads frequently: To prevent leaks and maintain hygiene, it’s important to change nursing pads frequently during your period.


  • Use a warm compress: A warm compress can help relieve engorgement and discomfort during breastfeeding.


  • Take care of yourself: Don’t forget to take care of yourself during your period, by getting plenty of rest, eating well, and practicing self-care



Breastfeeding during your period can be a challenging experience, but it’s important to remember that it’s safe and won’t harm your baby. With the right information and support, you can continue breastfeeding successfully even during your menstrual cycle. By following the tips and advice in this article, you can make the experience as smooth and comfortable as possible. Remember, the most important thing is to take care of yourself and your baby, and to seek support from a lactation consultant or healthcare provider if you need it.

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Breast shield: Choosing the right one for you

Did you know that breast shields ( flanges) come in different sizes? Many mummy experience inefficient pumping session, and the reason is usually because of wrong breast shield size. Many breast pumps ship with size 27mm or 28mm in Singapore; however, that doesn’t mean that everyone will fit that size (we don’t all wear the same sized shoes, after all). There are breast shields on the market ranging in size from 15mm to 36mm!

Follow this simple guide to determine your breast shield size but first thing first

Pump for 5 minutes, and then measure

It’s a common misunderstanding to measure your nipple before you start pumping, but you actually have to measure the nipple after you pump. The reason is simple. The nipple swells while pumping, and since the rate of swelling varies between women, it’s important to take this swollen measurement to select a comfortable shield size. Grab the shield that came with your pump, assemble it to the milk collection kit and then pump on a low setting for 5 minutes, so the nipple swells. You might even express milk while doing this (if this is your first time pumping, be sure to use the lowest vacuum setting to avoid any pain or discomfort).

Measure the diameter of the nipple at the base of the nipple

After your nipple has swollen, measure the diameter of the nipple at the base of the nipple. Be careful not to include any areola in the measurement. Gently lay a ruler onto the areola next to the base of the nipple so the measurement lines are visible when looking straight at the breast. This can be tricky so some women find that doing it in front of a mirror or using a smart phone in selfie mode is helpful.

Select a shield size 2-3mm larger than your nipple diameter

To allow the nipple to move freely within the flange while pumping and to avoid any pain or discomfort (or worse – blisters!) from rubbing, select a shield size that is 2-3mm larger than the diameter of your nipple. For example, if your nipple measures at 18mm, you would want to try the 20mm shield. It’s important not to go too large either because excess areola can be drawn into the flange, causing discomfort, pain, or even constriction of milk flow.

Signs your breast shield may be too small

  • Painful rubbing of nipple in flange.
  • Nipple not moving freely inside of flange.
  • Redness of the nipple.
  • Whiteness of the nipple and/or a white ring around the base of the nipple.
  • Little milk is being expressed.
  • General discomfort while pumping.

Signs your breast shield may be too large

  • Excess areola is drawn into the flange or even up and around the nipple. Note that a small amount of areola may enter the flange for some women; however, it should never be uncomfortable or painful.
  • Sensation of pulling and/or pulling pain.
  • Nipple is pulled to the end of the flange.
  • Shield falls from the breast while pumping.
  • Little milk is being expressed.
  • General discomfort while pumping.

Size that is just nice

  • A properly sized breast shield should be very comfortable.
  • You should barely be able to feel it while pumping.
  • Just a gentle tugging sensation on the nipple and nowhere else.
  • You should not see any excess areola being drawn into the flange
  • Should not feel a pulling sensation or pain while using your breast pump.
  • After your pumping session, your nipple should be free of any redness or whiteness.
  • Pumping should be pain-free

Additional factors impacting breast shield size

breast shield

Although the above instructions provide a good indication of the size of breast shield you will need, there are few things to consider:

  • Every woman’s body responds differently to pumping. It is possible your measurements before pumping might change during pumping, therefore we suggest taking measurements of the swollen nipple 5 minutes after pumping.
  • Your measurements might be different throughout the day. For example, you might be fuller in the morning after going a few hours without pumping and/or feeding at night, warranting a larger size. You might also be smaller in the evening after consistent pumping or feeding throughout the day.
  • You might be larger at the beginning of a pumping session, and smaller after some milk has been expressed.
  • Your measurements might change after your milk supply is well-established (about 10 weeks postpartum).
  • One breast may need a different sized breast shield than the other.

However, you should not follow this guideline blindly because the info graphic merely relies on nipple diameter only. In addition to nipple diameter, you should also consider the following factors:

  • Check how your nipple moves while pumping.

The nipple should move freely and it should not rub the side wall of the flange. You may see a little bit of areola gets pulled, but not the whole areola. And your nipple should not hit the back wall of the breast shield.

  • Comfort

Even if you think you already choose the best breast shield size, but you feel uncomfortable / painful while pumping, that means something is not right. Try to size up or down. Nipple redness / or sore feeling after pumping is also an alarm that you may need to choose different breast shield size.

  • Effectiveness of pumping

If you feel you breast is not emptied after pumping, you may suspect that you don’t use the correct breast shield size (note: various factors can affect this, breast shield size is just one of possible reason).

  • Breast tissue / elasticity

Some women has a very elastic tissue so that the skin will get pulled easier. In this case, it is possible that pumping makes nipple get elongated so much until it hits the back wall of the flange. For this case, using breast shield with longer ‘tunnel’, or using smaller insert in bigger breast shield may help.

SLB Nipple Ruler

Simply print it out, fold along the line, and carefully cut out the circles.

The nipple ruler works on both US Letter and A4 paper sizes. Make sure you select “full size” or “100%” in your print menu (don’t “scale to fit”). You can also print it on larger sizes like US Legal or A7, but you might have to trim off the extra

Nipple ruler
Flange size

At the end of your pumping session, use the circles to measure the diameter of your nipple at the base. You should select a size that is snug, but not constricting, around your nipple.

Here’s another Nipple Ruler we found from MayMom

breast shield

If you have more questions or need further help with breast shield sizing, reach out to a Certified Lactation Consultant. In the long run, it’s worth taking the time to determine the breast shield size that’s right for you. You’ll benefit by maximising your pumping sessions so you can get back to what matters most – the little one you’re pumping for!


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Am I a low supply mummy?

low milk supply

Am I a low supply mummy?

Are you concerned about your milk supply? It’s a common question that many new mothers grapple with. Often, there’s a worry that you’re not producing enough milk for your baby. This concern is one of the primary reasons some mothers consider stopping breastfeeding. However, there’s reassuring news: Almost all women have the capacity to produce ample milk for their baby.

Before you worry further, let’s debunk some myths and provide you with clear indicators to help you understand whether your milk supply is sufficient.

As a new mother, it’s natural to wonder if you are producing enough milk for your baby. There are several common indicators that mothers often worry about, but it’s important to know that these aren’t always reliable signs of low milk supply. Let’s address these myths and focus on what truly matters.

Common Myths About Milk Supply:

  1. Baby Taking a Full Bottle After Nursing: Babies may take more from a bottle due to its ease of feeding, not necessarily because they’re still hungry.
  2. Not Leaking Milk or Missing the Letdown Feeling: Many women don’t experience leaking or a strong letdown sensation and still produce enough milk.
  3. Feeling of Fullness or Emptiness in Breasts: This is often related to your body’s adaptation to breastfeeding and doesn’t accurately reflect your milk production.
  4. Frequency/Length of Feedings: Babies feed at different rates and intervals; this can vary widely and is not a reliable indicator of milk supply.
  5. Amount of Milk Pumped: Pump output is not always an accurate measure of how much milk you are producing.

Accurate Indicators of Adequate Milk Supply:

  1. Regular Bowel Movements: If your baby is pooping regularly. (3-6 poopy diaper), it’s a good sign they’re digesting enough milk.
  2. Consistent Urination: Multiple wet diapers a day (around 6 or more) indicate adequate hydration from milk.
  3. Contentment and Sleep Patterns: A baby who is feeding well usually appears satisfied, sleeps well, and is generally not fussy.
  4. Steady Weight Gain: Regular weight checks with your pediatrician can reassure you that your baby is growing as expected.

1. Baby’s Bowel Movements:

  • Newborn Stage: Expect at least 3-6 daily diapers with large, seedy, mustard-colored poops in 24 hours. This is a good sign your baby is getting enough milk.
  • After 2-3 Months: The frequency may decrease to one poop a day or even one every other day. This is still normal and indicates adequate milk intake.

2. Baby’s Urination:

  • Wet Diapers: Look for 6-8  diapers per day (good indication is when the indicator on the diaper changes from yellow to blue). For a sense of what to expect, a wet diaper should feel like it has about three tablespoons of water in it.
  • Color: Urine should be light yellow in color, which is a good hydration indicator.

3. Baby’s Behavior Post-Feeding:

  • Contentment: A content and ready-to-nap baby post-feeding is a good sign. It’s similar to how you feel after a satisfying meal.
  • Crying and Fussing: If your baby frequently cries or fusses after nursing, it could indicate hunger or a lower milk supply. However, remember that fussing can also be due to other reasons like colic,tummy ache, baby not feeling well etc.
  • General Activity: An active, alert, and generally healthy baby usually means everything is fine.

4. Baby’s Weight Gain:

  • Steady Increase: A consistent weight gain of around 120g to 200g per week is a clear indicator of good milk supply and adequate feeding.

What causes low supply?

increase milk supply singapore

Breastfeeding is a dynamic relationship between a mother and her baby, largely governed by the principles of supply and demand. However, sometimes this delicate balance can be disrupted, leading to issues with milk supply. Understanding the potential causes of these disruptions can help you identify and address any supply concerns you might be facing.

Factors That Can Affect Milk Supply:

  1. Supplementing with Formula or Other Liquids: Breastfeeding works on a supply-and-demand basis. Supplementing with formula, juice, or water can reduce the demand signal to your body, leading to decreased milk production.
  2. Bottle Preference: Babies may find it easier to get milk from a bottle due to the different sucking mechanism required. This can lead to a preference for the bottle over the breast, affecting the baby’s ability to nurse effectively and impacting milk supply. Try pace bottle feeding to reduce the risk of bottle preference.
  3. Use of Pacifiers: While pacifiers can be soothing, they can also affect your baby’s latch and reduce the time spent breastfeeding, potentially leading to a drop in milk supply.
  4. Nipple Shields: While helpful in some situations, nipple shields can sometimes reduce nipple stimulation or interfere with milk transfer, impacting the supply-demand cycle.
  5. Returning to Work: The separation from the baby and the stress of re-entering the workforce can challenge a mother’s ability to maintain milk supply. Planning and strategies for pumping at work can help.
  6. Scheduled Feedings: Sticking to a strict feeding schedule can disrupt the natural supply and demand cycle, potentially leading to decreased milk supply.
  7. Sleepy Baby: In the first few weeks, some babies may be too sleepy to nurse frequently or effectively, necessitating more proactive feeding to establish milk supply.
  8. Cutting Short Nursing Sessions: Ending feedings before the baby naturally stops can disrupt milk production. The latter part of a feeding is rich in fat, which is important for the baby’s weight gain and satiety.
  9. Offering Only One Breast Per Feeding: While this can be fine once milk supply is established, offering both breasts can be beneficial if you’re working to increase supply.
  10. Baby’s Health or Anatomical Issues: Conditions like jaundice, tongue-tie, etc., can hinder effective milk removal, impacting supply.
  11. Maternal Health and Factors: Various factors like uncontrolled anemia, hypothyroidism, previous breast surgeries, hormonal imbalances (e.g., PCOS), certain medications, and smoking can affect milk supply.

Breastfeeding success often hinges on understanding and optimizing your milk supply.
Remember the golden rule: the more your baby drinks, the more you produce.

Here’s how you can encourage a healthy milk supply:

1. Correct Latching and Positioning:

  • A good latch ensures efficient, pain-free milk transfer from breast to baby. If you’re experiencing pain or your baby isn’t swallowing well, the issue might be with the latch or position.
  • Consult a IBCLC for help with latching. They can provide personalized guidance and support.

2. Hands-On Techniques:

  • Before nursing, apply warmth to your breasts, shoulders, and upper back to encourage milk letdown and flow.
  • Breast massage and compressions can also stimulate milk production.

3. Demand Feeding:

  • Consider demand feeding, where you nurse your baby whenever they show signs of hunger, regardless of frequency or duration.
  • Skin-to-skin contact during these sessions sends a signal to your body to produce more milk.

4. Using a Quality Breast Pump:

  • Pumping after feedings, or as often as possible, helps to “empty” your breasts, signaling your body to increase milk production. Remember, breasts are never truly empty as they constantly produce milk.

5. Hydration and Relaxation:

  • Stay hydrated by keeping water nearby during breastfeeding sessions.
  • Drinking lactation tea can also help you relax and potentially boost milk supply.

6. Power Pumping:

  • Mimicking cluster feeding through power pumping sessions can encourage your body to produce more milk.

7. Rest and Stress Management:

  • Adequate rest is crucial. If possible, have your partner or support person care for your baby while you take a break or nap.
  • Minimize stress, as it can negatively impact milk production.

8. Galactagogues:

  • Your doctor might recommend medications like metoclopramide or domperidone to increase prolactin levels and milk supply.
    1. Rolled Oats: High in fiber and iron, oats are often recommended for nursing mothers. Iron deficiency has been linked to decreased milk supply, making oats an excellent dietary choice.
    2. Brewer’s Yeast: A nutritional powerhouse, brewer’s yeast is rich in B-vitamins, protein, and essential minerals like selenium and chromium. These nutrients are not only vital for overall health but are also believed to aid in milk production.
    3. Flaxseed: Flaxseeds are a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are important for a baby’s brain development. They also contain phytoestrogens that might help in boosting milk supply.

SLB Bakes: Enhancing Your Milk Supply Through Galactagogues
In the realm of breastfeeding, diet plays a pivotal role in milk production. This is where SLB Bakes comes into the picture, offering a delicious and practical solution for mothers looking to naturally boost their milk supply.

What are Galactagogues? Galactagogues are foods, herbs, or medications that are believed to help increase breast milk production. They have been used traditionally in various cultures and are gaining popularity among new mothers for their potential lactation benefits.

SLB Bakes’ Special Ingredients: Our range of SLB Bakes products incorporates key galactagogue ingredients known for their potential to enhance milk supply. These include:

We understand that variety is the spice of life, especially when it comes to food. Our SLB Bakes series offers a range of options to cater to different tastes and preferences. From hearty cookies to fluffy muffins and versatile pancake mixes, each product is designed to be both nutritious and delicious.

When Supplementing is Necessary: If you’ve tried these strategies and still struggle to meet your baby’s needs ( and this should always be advised by a Dr), supplementing might be necessary. Remember to always offer the breast first to maintain your supply. Even small amounts of breast milk can provide significant health benefits.

Remember: You are not a failure if you need to supplement. Breastfeeding is about more than just nutrition; it’s about the bond you share with your baby. Supplementing is just another way to nurture and care for your little one.

Embrace the journey, and know that every step you take is about providing the best care for your baby.

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Carrot Cake Lactation Overnight Oats

Carrot Cake Lactation Overnight Oats

Booster : carrot, flaxseed, brewer's yeast, oats
Prep Time 5 minutes
Total Time 2 hours 5 minutes
Course Breakfast
Servings 1 Serving


  • 1/2 cup rolled oats
  • 3/4 cup almond milk or any of your preference
  • 1/4 cup carrots shredded
  • 1 teaaspoon cinnamon
  • 1 tablespoon pecans crushed
  • 1 tablespoon coconut shredded
  • 1 teaspoon brewer's yeast
  • 1 teaspoon flaxseed
  • 1 teaspoon chia seed


  • Mix all ingredients together (except for the pecans and coconut) in a bowl or mason jar.
  • Add the pecans and coconut on top, cover with a lid, and set in refrigerator overnight. Enjoy in the morning!
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Breastfeeding Newborns

Everything you need to know about breastfeeding your newborn, in one article! This article is organised into weeks, to make it easier for new mummies!

The First Week

How often should the baby be nursing?

Frequent nursing encourages a good milk supply and reduces engorgement. Aim for nursing at least 8 – 12 times per day (24 hours). You CAN’T nurse too often–you CAN nurse too little.

Go on-demand feeding. Nurse at the first signs of hunger (stirring, rooting, hands in mouth)–don’t wait until the baby is crying. Allow the baby unlimited time at the breast when sucking actively, then offer the second breast. Some newborns are excessively sleepy at first–wake baby to nurse if 2 hours (during the day) or 4 hours (at night) have passed without nursing.

Is the baby getting enough milk?

Weight gain: Normal newborns may lose up to 7% of birth weight in the first few days. After mom’s milk comes in, if you are breastfeeding your newborn, they should gain about 170 g/week. Take baby for a weight check at the end of the first week or the beginning of the second week. Consult with the baby’s doctor if the baby is not gaining as expected.

Dirty diapers: In the early days, the baby typically has one dirty diaper for each day of life (1 on day one, 2 on day two…). After day 4, stools should be yellow and the baby should have at least 3-4 stools daily that are the size of about2.5 cm or larger. Some babies stool every time they nurse, or even more often–this is normal, too. The normal stool of a breastfed baby is loose (soft to runny) and may be seedy or curdy.

Wet diapers: In the early days, the baby typically has one wet diaper for each day of life (1 on day one, 2 on day two…). Once mom’s milk comes in, expect 5-6+ wet diapers every 24 hours. To feel what a sufficiently wet diaper is like, pour 3 tablespoons (45 mL) of water into a clean diaper. A piece of tissue in a disposable diaper will help you determine if the diaper is wet.

Breast changes

Your milk should start to “come in” (increase in quantity and change from colostrum to mature milk) between days 2 and 5. To minimize engorgement: nurse often, don’t skip feedings (even at night), ensure good latch/positioning, and let your baby finish the first breast before offering the other side.

Call your doctor if your baby has:

  • no wet or dirty diapers
  • dark coloured urine after day 3 (should be pale yellow to clear)
  • dark coloured stools after day 4 (should be mustard yellow, with no meconium)
  • fewer wet/soiled diapers or nurses less frequently than the goals listed here
  •  or if you have symptoms of mastitis (sore breast with fever, chills, flu-like aching)


Get Singapore Lactation Bakes’s Cookies 1-2 weeks in advance and put them in your hospital bag. Skin to skin and latch baby immediately after birth and you may start having the lactation cookies. 10-12 cookies per day promote more letdowns or fuller breasts. Pump or latch baby immediately when you feel the let downs or fuller breast to encourage more milk production.

Weeks Two through Six

How often should the baby be nursing?

Frequent nursing in the early weeks is important for establishing a good milk supply. You should be breastfeeding your newborn                  8 – 12+ times per day (24 hours). You CAN’T nurse too often—you CAN nurse too little.

Nurse at the first signs of hunger (stirring, rooting, hands in mouth) and don’t wait until the baby is crying. Allow the baby unlimited time at the breast when sucking actively, then offer the second breast. Some newborns are excessively sleepy, wake the baby to nurse every 2 hours during the day or 4 hours during the night if the baby doesn’t wake up to nurse. Once the baby has established a good weight gain pattern, you can stop waking the baby and nurse on the baby’s cues alone.

The following things are normal:

  • Frequent and/or long feedings.
  • Varying nursing patterns from day today.
  • Cluster nursing (very frequent to constant nursing) for several hours—usually evenings—each day. This may coincide with the normal “fussy time” that most babies have in the early months.
  • Growth spurts, where baby nurses more often than usual for several days and may act very fussy. Common growth spurt times in the early weeks are the first few days at home, 7 – 10 days, 2 – 3 weeks and 4 – 6 weeks.

Is the baby getting enough milk?

Weight gain: When breastfeeding your newborn, they should gain 6 ounces/week (170 grams/week). Consult with the baby’s doctor and your lactation consultant if the baby is not gaining as expected.

Dirty diapers: Expect 3-4+ stools daily that are the size of about 2.5 cm or larger. Some babies stool every time or even more often when they nurse this is normal. The normal stool of a breastfed baby is yellow and loose (soft to runny) and may be seedy or curdy. After 4 – 6 weeks, some babies stool less frequently, with stools as infrequent as once every 7-10 days. As long as the baby is gaining weight well, this is normal.

Wet diapers: Expect 5-6+ wet diapers every 24 hours. To feel what a sufficiently wet diaper is like, pour 3 tablespoons (45 mL) of water into a clean diaper. A piece of tissue in a disposable diaper will help you determine if the diaper is wet. After 6 weeks, wet diapers may drop to 4-5/day but the amount of urine will increase to 4-6+ tablespoons (60-90+ mL) as the baby’s bladder capacity grows.

Milk supply

Some moms worry about milk supply. As long as the baby is gaining well on mom’s milk alone, then milk supply is good. Between weight checks, a sufficient number of wet and dirty diapers will indicate that baby is getting enough milk.

Boosting Milk supply

Take cookies, muffins, herbs  (called ‘galactagogues’) to stimulate the hormones that govern their milk supply. Eat food that boosts milk will help too. You may need to do some trial and error as everyone’s body reacts differently to food.



Kelly mom



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Stress less tips with naturally low milk supply

When you’re a breastfeeding mom who has a milk supply that is naturally on the lower side, the already-existing stress can escalate really quickly, and for completely justifiable reasons.

Here’s the thing about stress and breastfeeding: Stress is Number 1 Milk Killer.

Stress can make it harder to produce breastmilk, so when you’re supply is already lo. letting something like stress interfere isn’t really an option.

These tips have helped me reduce breastfeeding stress and successfully breastfeed all of my daughters, even with a naturally low breastmilk supply.

1. Set Small Goals As You Go (and Celebrate Meeting Each One)

My big picture breastfeeding goal with all of my daughters was to nurse them for one year without supplementing with formula.

But let me be honest here, real quick. On night two of being home from the hospital with a newborn, sore nipples, and a low milk supply. Nothing seems further away than that one year mark. It feels completely unattainable. Entirely hopeless.

So how do you combat that overwhelming feeling that you will be a breastfeeding mama for all eternity? Set a smaller goal and allow yourself some happiness (and maybe some kind of treat ( Like Our Lactation Cookie Cups) when you meet it.

Whether it be making it through another month, another week, another day, or another nursing session. Set small goals as you need them, one step at a time

2. Build a Freezer Stash (Even if It’s a Small One)

Building a freezer stash of extra breastmilk when you’re already struggling may seem like a completely impossible task.

I was barely able to build a freezer supply when nursing my first daughter, but with my second daughter I did it and for my Third, my freezer was bursting!

There are a few key steps and strategies that really worked for me and helped me build up a freezer supply before my maternity leave ended.

3. Don’t Compare Yourself to Other Moms

If you’re the only mom you know who has a naturally low breastmilk supply, having conversations about breastfeeding can be really stressful and disheartening.

I can’t count how many times I’ve patiently listened to other breastfeeding moms talk about how they ” how they “can’t stop leaking milk everywhere because there is just so much”, or how they “have hundreds of ml stored in the freezer” (and their baby is still a newborn), or how they are going to “donate extra milk to babies in need because they just won’t go through it fast enough”.

On one hand, I’m genuinely happy for moms who have breastfeeding experiences like those, and don’t resent them one bit. And I mean that from the very bottom of my heart. Breastfeeding isn’t easy for anyone, even those moms with naturally higher milk supplies, so those mamas are WORKING to feed those littles and build those supplies. I’m in now way trying to imply that they “have it easy”—because they don’t.

But here’s what happens when I, a mom with a naturally low milk supply, hear those stories: I start to wonder if I’m inadequate. If there’s something wrong with me. If I’m not trying hard enough. If I’m failing my baby. If I’m less of a woman than those other moms. If I’m not good enough.

It genuinely has nothing to do with the other moms and everything to do with how I view myself and my own insecurities (like almost everything in women-to-women competition is when you dig down to the root of it).

To combat this, remind yourself that not all breastmilk supplies are created equal. There’s no point in competing with other moms. Focus on your supply, on your baby, on your experience, and know that if you get up in the morning and feed your baby—however you choose to do it—that you are enough.

4. Know When to Walk Away From a Conversation

There are plenty of folks out there who won’t accept that having a naturally low breastmilk supply is a thing.

They will make you feel like you simply aren’t trying hard enough; that you aren’t doing enough to accomplish your breastfeeding goals. That you haven’t downed enough fenugreek, or aren’t using the right medical-grade breastpump, or aren’t nursing enough times during the day—because, in case you haven’t heard—breastfeeding is a supply-and-demand system! Is your mind completely blown right now? Probably not, because…of course you’ve heard that.

All breastfeeding moms have heard the same advice. Over and over. The breastfeeding info typically starts at your prenatal appointments and is slammed in your face at every possible opportunity pretty much until your child looks a little too old to be of breastfeeding age.

And if you are one of the lucky few who hasn’t had to endure this cycle in person, my guess would be that if you’re a breastfeeding mama with a naturally low milk supply. you found all of the same advise through your own research immediately after realising you had a naturally low milk supply.

Because that same advice is everywhere. And the truth? Most breastfeeding advice-givers don’t help the situation at all.

Yes, it’s true that breastfeeding is a supply and demand system. Yes, there are some things that can help. But it’s also true that some women start off with less milk than others, and that there are only 24 hours in a day, and you can’t nurse and/or pump during every single one of them and do the million other things that being a parent requires of you and stay sane.

If you’re having a conversation with someone who just doesn’t quite understand the low-supply struggle, don’t be afraid to politely shift or end the conversation. You have enough on your plate, mama. And, to be honest, you don’t owe anyone an explanation. Never allow yourself to be overwhelmed because you feel like you do.

5. Don’t Spend Tons of Money on Breastmilk-Boosting Products

When you start your breastfeeding  journey and realise your milk supply is low, it can be tempting to throw money at every product that may be rumored to boost breastmilk supplies in hopes of upping your milk production. Don’t do this.

If you buy everything at once, and use everything at once, you’ll have absolutely no idea what is actually helping and what isn’t. This means you could end up spending a ton of cash on products that aren’t actually doing anything.

When you’re trying a breastmilk booster (always clear it with a medical professional before you do), it’s best to try one at a time. Give each product at least a week and see if you notice any change in production. If you do—great! You’ve found a booster that works for your body. If not—no worries! On to the next booster to try. Our minimum order of cookies is 600g this is about a week’s supply and it gives you a good indication to know if our bakes works for you.

Heres a list of Lactation Cookies and Lactation Muffins that has helped many mummies in their breastfeeding journey

6. Meditate Every Single Day

This sounds like complete hippy nonsense. I know. I get it. But meditation can actually boost breastmilk production because it helps reduce stress.

Stress is no friend to anyone, but breastfeeding moms have more reasons to try to keep stress at bay than most people do, because high levels of stress can actually decrease milk production.

Yep. That’s a real thing. (As if us mamas with a naturally low milk supply didn’t have enough to worry about already. *sigh*)

Meditating can be as simple as closing your eyes for 60 seconds and breathing in and out, slowly and calmly. It’s so hard for moms to find time for yourself, but out of the 1440 minutes that happen every day, you deserve to set aside at least 1 for a little meditation.

7. Don’t Obsess Over Your Baby’s Weight

When you’re breastfeeding, especially in those early months when your babe hasn’t started solid foods and is onlydrinking breastmilk, it can feel like the entire health and well-being of your baby is dependent on your ability to produce breastmilk. The weight of that responsibility is huge.

Now factor in a naturally low milk supply and the stress factor is upped by about a thousand.

It can become so easy to start obsessing over whether or not your baby is doing okay food-wise, and the easiest way for us mamas to gauge success on? How much your baby weighs and how rapidly weight gain is occurring.

If you have genuine concerns, always address them with your doctor. If your doctor has concerns and gives you advice to keep your baby healthy, always follow the advice, or seek advise from a different medical professional. (I’m not a medical professional.)

But, if your doctor has no concerns and everything seems on track—stop overly-obsessing about your baby’s weight.

Yes, if you have a naturally low milk supply, there’s a chance that your baby may not be in the 98th percentile for weight out of all the babies. That’s actually very likely to be the case. But guys? Not all babies can be in the 98th percentile because then it wouldn’t technically be a 98th percentile. It would just be “the weight that all babies weigh”, which is silly and also not a thing.

Babies come in all shapes and sizes and grow at all different rates, and that’s perfectly okay.

8. Choose Nursing Over Pumping When You Can

This one is obviously for mamas who aren’t exclusively pumping or exclusively nursing, so if that’s you, feel free to skip on over this one.

But for anyone who does a little bit of Column A and a little bit of Column B, this is one of the best de-stressers there is for all breastfeeding mamas: nurse that baby.

Being close to that little love bug that you are working so hard to feed is a great way to remind yourself of exactly why you’re going through all of this madness in the first place.

That skin-to-skin contact combined with the fantastic baby smell can work wonders for your stress levels. Plus, you’re not watching milk being slowly pumped out drop-by-drop and obsessing over how few drops there are. (Which is seriously, seriously stressful.)

I really hope the above tips helps and don’t be afraid to seek help when you really feel overwhelmed. Talk to your husbands, friends or a Lactation Counsellor if you feel that you cannot cope with the stress.

We are all here for you so relax, Eat SLB . Breastfeed . Repeat

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Top 14 Breastfeeding Problems Mummies Face

breastfeeding problem

Breastfeeding isn’t always easy. Because many mothers face a few challenges along the way, we’ve uncovered 14 breastfeeding problems you might encounter, plus solutions to help you fix your breastfeeding relationship with your babe. If these ideas don’t work for you be sure to seek out expert help from a lactation consultant,  a public health nurse, your midwife or your doctor.


It’s normal for your nipples to feel sore when you first start to breastfeed, especially if you’re a first-timer. But if baby has latched and the pain lasts longer than a minute into your feeding session, check the positioning.


  • Try to achieve an asymmetrical latch where baby’s mouth covers more of the areola below the nipple rather than above.
  • To reposition him, place your index finger inside baby’s mouth to take him off your breast. Tickle his chin or wait until he yawns so his mouth is wide open and seize your opportunity.
  • When he is correctly positioned, his chin and nose touch your breast, his lips splay out and you can’t see your nipple or part of the lower areola.
  • If baby’s position is correct and latching on still hurts, your nipples may be dry. Make sure to wear loose clothing and avoid washing with soap. Lanolin-based creams are good for applying between feedings.



Cracked nipples can be the result of many different things: thrush, dry skin, pumping improperly, or most likely, latching problems. During the first week of breastfeeding, you may have bloody discharge when your baby is just learning to latch or you are just beginning to pump. A little blood, while kind of gross, won’t harm baby.


  • Check baby’s positioning — the bottom part of your areola underneath your nipple should be in baby’s mouth.
  • try breastfeeding more frequently, and at shorter intervals. The less hungry baby is, the softer his sucking will be.
  • As tempting as it is to treat your cracked nipples with anything you can find in your medicine cabinet, soaps, alcohol, lotions, and perfumes are no good — clean water is all you need to wash with.
  • Try letting some milk stay on your nipples to air dry after feeding (the milk actually helps heal them).
  • You can also try taking a mild painkiller like acetaminophen or ibuprofen 30 minutes before nursing.
  • If all this fails, try an over-the-counter lanolin cream, specially made for nursing mothers and use plastic hard breast shells inside your bra.



Ducts clog because your milk isn’t draining completely. You may notice a hard lump on your breast or soreness to the touch and even some redness. If you start feeling feverish and achy, that’s a sign of infection and you should see your doctor. Most importantly try not to have long stretches in between feedings — milk needs to be expressed often. A nursing bra that is too tight can also cause clogged ducts. Stress (something all new mommies have an over abundance of) can also affect your milk flow.


  • Do your best to get adequate rest (you should recruit your partner to pick up some slack when possible)
  • try applying warm compresses to your breasts and massage them to stimulate milk movement.
  • Clogged ducts are not harmful to your baby because breastmilk has natural antibiotics. That said, there’s no reason why you have to suffer. Breastfeeding should be enjoyable for mom and baby.



Engorgement makes it difficult for baby to latch on to the breast because it’s hard and un-conforming to his mouth.


  • Try hand-expressing a little before feeding to get the milk flowing and soften the breast, making it easier for baby to latch and access milk. Of course, the more you nurse, the less likely your breasts are to get engorged.



Mastitis is a bacterial infection in your breasts marked by flu-like symptoms such as fever and pain in your breasts. It’s common within the first few weeks after birth (though it can also happen during weaning) and is caused by cracked skin, clogged milk ducts, or engorgement.


  • The only sufficient way to treat the infection is with antibiotics, hot compresses, and most importantly, frequent emptying.
  • Use hands-on pumping, making sure the red firm areas of the breast and the periphery are softened.
  • It’s safe and actually recommended that you continue breastfeeding when you have mastitis. Take paracetamol or ibuprofen (not aspirin) to relieve the pain, as instructed on the packet or by a pharmacist.
  • Keep breastfeeding or pumping frequently. Your milk is still safe for your baby to drink. Flowing milk will help clear any blockage and prevent further painful build-up. Stopping suddenly could exacerbate symptoms.
  • You may need to express any leftover milk after feeds.
  • Offer your baby the affected breast first. This may help your baby to drain it adequately. If this is too painful, start on the non-affected side to get the milk flowing, then switch.
  • Rest, drink and eat well. Make sure you’re having plenty of fluids and eating nutritious foods.
  • Massage the area in a warm bath or shower, or compress with a warm flannel or heat pack to help release the blockage and ease symptoms before feeding or expressing. Use a cool pack after feeds to reduce inflammation.



Thrush is a yeast infection in your baby’s mouth, which can also spread to your breasts. It causes incessant itchiness, soreness, and sometimes a rash.


  • Your doctor will need to give you antifungal medication to put on your nipple and in baby’s mouth — if you’re not both treated at the same time, you can give each other the fungi and prolong healing.



Breastfeeding is a supply-and-demand process. If your doctor is concerned about baby’s weight gain, and he is being plotted on the World Health Organization curves designed for breastfeeding babies, this may be the problem.


  • Lactation Cookies or Lactation Muffins by Singapore Lactation Bakes will help you with more let downs. Combined with frequent nursing and hands-on pumping during the day can help increase milk supply.
  • Pump or latch when you are having let downs or when fuller breast after having the SLB lactation cookies or SLB lactation muffins helps to tune your body to make more milk.



Baby is sleepy in the first couple of months after birth (hey, he’s been through a lot) so falling asleep while nursing is common. All that bonding makes baby relaxed!


  • Milk flow is fastest after your first let-down, so if you want to increase efficiency, start off at the fuller breast, then switch to the other breast sooner, rather than later.
  • When you notice baby’s sucking slowing down and his eyes closing, remove him from your breast and try to stimulate him by burping, tickling his feet, or gently talking to him while rubbing his back, and then switch breasts.
  • As baby gets older he’ll be able to stay awake longer, so don’t fret.



You can tell if you have flat or inverted nipples by doing a simple squeeze test:  Gently grab your areola with your thumb and index finger — if your nipple retracts rather than protrudes, you’ve got a problem, Houston. Not really. But breastfeeding will be more challenging.


  • Use a pump to get the milk flowing before placing baby at your nipple and use breast shells between feeds.
  • Once you feel like your milk supply is adequate, try using nipple shields if baby still has problems latching.



Your breast is like a machine — when you let down, all the milk-producing engines constrict to move the milk forward and out of your nipple. Sometimes the working of these inner parts can hurt, especially when in overdrive. Some mothers feel a prickly pins-and-needles sensation and others just get an achy feeling.


  • If this feeling of pins and needles goes beyond a mere tingling and feels more like a hundred little daggers poking your breasts, you need to check for a breast infection (yeast or bacteria). Sometimes this pain develops when you have an excessive amount of milk.
  • Try feeding baby longer on one particular breast and switching to the other only if you need to.
  • If the result is an infection (fever, aches, and chills may be present), you’ll need to get antibiotics from your doctor.
  • No matter how unpleasant it is for you, it’s still safe for baby to nurse.



  • Skin to skin is the way to go,”. It’s like a magical cure for the non-latching baby (and helps with other issues too).
  • Get naked from the waist up, strip baby down to just a diaper, and get yourself comfortable in a semi-reclining position with baby on your chest.
  • When your baby is ready, he’ll scoot down to the breast and latch on. (You many need to provide your baby with expressed milk in a cup or syringe until he figures it out, and pumping or hand-expressing during this time will also help build up your milk supply.)



  • This may just be a perfectly normal baby. Babies have small stomachs and they really do need filling up frequently.
  • Imagine if you were asked to double your weight in the next six months, as an average baby will do. What would you have to do?
  • You’d eat a lot.” Some mothers also have less storage capacity in their breasts, so while they produce plenty of milk over 24 hours, the baby needs to eat frequently (it’s called cluster feeding) to get enough.
  • If the baby is otherwise gaining well, having at least two or three poppy diapers each day and your nipples are not sore, frequent feedings may just be the norm for your baby. If baby is not gaining well, speak to your paediatrician or family doctor.



  • This usually happens somewhere from six to ten weeks and mothers are often concerned that their milk production has faltered for some reason.
  • In most cases it’s actually good news, It means your breasts have adjusted to meet the actual appetite of your baby.
  • Instead of filling up between feedings, the milk doesn’t start to flow until the baby is nursing.
  • Just keep an eye on your baby’s weight gain and diaper contents to be sure everything is going well.



  • Most babies will try out their gums or teeth at some time
  • Try pulling the baby in close so that your breast blocks his nose and he has to let go to breathe, rather than trying to pull back which can make him clamp down harder.
  • If you’re alert when the baby is nursing, you may be able to catch the moment when he pulls his tongue back in order to bite down.
  • Be ready to stick a finger in the corner of his mouth and prevent him from chomping on you. Be gentle —he doesn’t mean to hurt you!

So there you have some quick breastfeeding problem-solvers that may help you past some of the common breastfeeding challenges. Still having problems? Don’t hesitate to seek out more assistance from some of the lactation experts in your community, who can tailor their advice to your situation.

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Baked Avocado Fries


Baked Avocado Fries

Singapore Lactation Bakes (SLB)
Eggs combined with avocado are an excellent anti-aging remedy. This food combination contains vitamin C which promotes the synthesis of collagen and vitamin A, in the form of retinol and beta-carotene, which protects the skin from oxidative stress damage.
Avocados, full of healthy fats and fiber, are a great addition to your diet while breastfeeding. The fat in avocados help you and your baby absorb fat-soluble vitamins and can also be beneficial to your baby's developing brain health.
Prep Time 20 minutes
Cook Time 15 minutes
Total Time 35 minutes
Course Side Dishes
Servings 4 Servings


  • 2 ripe avocados peeled and pitted
  • 30 g all purpose flour
  • 120 ml milk of your choice ( fresh, oat milk)
  • 15g plain instant potato flakes
  • 80g plain bread crumbs
  • 1/2 teaspoon garlic powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt


  • Preheat the oven to 220°C
  • Line baking sheet with parchment paper
  • Cut the avocado into strips about 13mm thick. Place in shallow bowl and toss to coat with the flour.
  • Whisk milk and potato flakes in a small shallow bowl. Stir together the bread crumbs, garlic powder and salt in a separate small shallow bowl
  • Dredge the flour-dusted avocado in the milk mixture and then in the bread crumbs, pressing the avocado into the bread crumbs to coat each slice completely.
  • Place the avocado slices in a single layer on the prepared baking sheet, spray with cooking spray and bake for 15 minutes or until fries are golden brown.


Eggs combined with avocado are an excellent anti-aging remedy. This food combination contains vitamin C which promotes the synthesis of collagen and vitamin A, in the form of retinol and beta-carotene, which protects the skin from oxidative stress damage.
Avocados, full of healthy fats and fiber, are a great addition to your diet while breastfeeding. The fat in avocados help you and your baby absorb fat-soluble vitamins and can also be beneficial to your baby's developing brain health.