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Flange Size Guide for Breastfeeding Mothers

breast flange size



Flange Size Guide for Breastfeeding Mothers

Breastfeeding can be a beautiful and fulfilling experience for mothers and their babies. However, it can also be challenging, especially for new mothers who are still getting used to their new role. One of the biggest challenges that new mothers face is finding the right size of flange for their breastfeeding needs. A flange is the part of the breast pump that fits over the nipple and areola to create suction and express milk.

It’s important to choose the right flange size as it can affect the comfort and efficiency of the pumping experience. A flange that is too small can cause discomfort, pain, and even nipple damage, while a flange that is too large can be ineffective and cause milk to leak. In this flange size guide, we will provide all the information you need to help you find the perfect size for your breastfeeding needs.

Understanding the Anatomy of the Nipple and Areola

Before we dive into finding the right flange size, it’s important to understand the anatomy of the nipple and areola. The nipple and areola are the two parts of the breast that are essential for breastfeeding. The nipple is the part that sticks out, while the areola is the dark-colored skin surrounding the nipple.

The size of the nipple and areola can vary greatly from mother to mother, and can even vary between the two breasts. It’s important to measure both nipples and areolas to ensure that you have the correct size for both.

Measuring Your Nipple and Areola

To determine the correct flange size, it’s important to measure both your nipple and areola. The easiest way to do this is to use a measuring tape or a ruler. Start by measuring the diameter of your nipple at its widest point. This is the most important measurement, as a flange that is too small will cause discomfort and pain.

Next, measure the diameter of your areola at its widest point. This measurement is important because it will help you determine the correct size of flange for your particular anatomy. If your nipple is small and your areola is large, you may need a larger flange to accommodate both.

Flange Sizes: What’s Available and What to Choose

Breast pump manufacturers offer flanges in a variety of sizes, ranging from 21mm to 36mm. It’s important to choose a flange size that is appropriate for your nipple and areola size. If you’re unsure what size to choose, it’s best to start with the smaller size and work your way up until you find the right size for you.

Here’s a general guide to help you choose the right flange size:

  • 21mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring less than 20mm
  • 24mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 20mm to 24mm
  • 27mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 24mm to 27mm
  • 30mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 27mm to 30mm
  • 36mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 30mm to 36mm

It’s important to note that these are just general guidelines and not all mothers will fit into these categories. If you’re still unsure about your flange size, it’s best to consult with a lactation consultant or your healthcare provider for personalized advice.

Tips for Choosing the Right Flange Size

Here are some tips to help you choose the right flange size for your breastfeeding needs

  1. Measure your nipple and areola size: As mentioned earlier, it’s important to measure both your nipple and areola size to determine the correct flange size. Don’t rely solely on the general guidelines as they may not apply to your specific anatomy.
  1. Try different sizes: If you’re not sure what size to choose, don’t be afraid to try different sizes. Start with a smaller size and work your way up until you find the right size for you. You can also try different shapes of flanges, such as the round or the funnel shaped, as some mothers find that one shape works better for them than the other.
  2. Consider your pumping frequency: If you plan on pumping frequently, it’s important to choose a flange that is comfortable and efficient. A comfortable flange will help you avoid discomfort and pain, which can make pumping less enjoyable and even cause you to give up breastfeeding.
  3. Check for proper suction: Once you’ve chosen a flange size, make sure to check for proper suction. A proper suction means that the flange is creating a seal around your nipple and areola, allowing for efficient milk expression. If the flange is too small, the suction will be insufficient, and if it’s too large, the suction will be too strong, causing discomfort and pain.
  4. Replace your flanges regularly: It’s important to replace your flanges regularly as they can become stretched out or worn down over time, affecting the suction and comfort. A good rule of thumb is to replace your flanges every three to six months.


Choosing the right flange size is an important aspect of breastfeeding, and it can make a big difference in your pumping experience. By following the tips and guidelines in this flange size guide, you can ensure that you find the perfect size for your breastfeeding needs. Don’t be afraid to try different sizes, and don’t hesitate to consult with a lactation consultant or your healthcare provider for personalized advice. Remember, the most important thing is to find a flange size that is comfortable, efficient, and helps you reach your breastfeeding goals.



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68 foods that boost milk supply.

food to boost milk supply

Boosting Milk Supply with Food: A Comprehensive Guide for Nursing Mothers

Hook: As a nursing mother, one of the primary concerns is to ensure a steady and sufficient milk supply. But did you know that certain foods can help boost milk production and improve lactation? Read on to learn about the best foods for increasing milk supply and how to incorporate them into your diet.

Introduction: Breastfeeding is a wonderful experience for both the mother and the baby, but it also comes with its challenges. One of the most common issues faced by nursing mothers is low milk supply. Many factors can contribute to low milk production, but a nutritious diet can make a big difference. By incorporating certain foods into your diet, you can help increase your milk supply and provide your baby with all the nutrients they need.

 What are the best foods for boosting milk supply?

  1. Oatmeal: Oatmeal is a great source of iron and complex carbohydrates, which are both essential for maintaining a healthy milk supply. Eating a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast can help increase lactation and provide you with the energy you need to care for your baby.
  2. Fenugreek: Fenugreek is a herb that has been used for centuries to promote milk production in nursing mothers. It is available in capsule form or as a tea, and has been shown to be effective in increasing milk supply in some women.
  3. Fennel seeds: Fennel seeds are another popular lactogenic food that has been used for generations to boost milk supply. They have a licorice-like flavor and can be chewed on their own or added to tea.
  4. Leafy greens: Leafy greens, such as spinach and kale, are rich in calcium and other essential nutrients that are important for lactation. They are also a good source of folic acid, which can help reduce the risk of birth defects.
  5. Brewer’s yeast: Brewer’s yeast is a type of yeast that is rich in B vitamins, iron, and chromium, all of which are important for maintaining a healthy milk supply. It can be found in supplement form or added to recipes like pancakes and breads.

How to incorporate these foods into your diet

  1. Make oatmeal a staple in your breakfast routine.
  2. Try fenugreek capsules or tea, but be sure to talk to your doctor before starting any new supplement.
  3. Add fennel seeds to your tea or sprinkle them on top of a salad.
  4. Incorporate leafy greens into your meals by making a spinach salad or adding kale to your smoothies.
  5. Use brewer’s yeast as a supplement or add it to baked goods and snacks.

Precautions and considerations

  1. Every woman is different and what works for one may not work for another.
  2. Some herbs, including fenugreek, can have adverse effects or interact with certain medications, so it is important to talk to your doctor before adding them to your diet.
  3. A healthy diet is just one piece of the puzzle when it comes to boosting milk supply. Other factors, such as stress and hydration, can also play a role.

A nutritious diet can make a big difference in maintaining a healthy milk supply for nursing mothers. By incorporating foods such as oatmeal, fenugreek, fennel seeds, leafy greens, and brewer’s yeast into your diet, you can help increase lactation and provide your baby with the nourishment they need. However, it is important to remember that every woman is different, and what works for one may not work for another. Before making any changes to your diet, it is always a good idea to talk to your doctor, as some herbs and supplements can have adverse effects or interact with certain medications. Additionally, a healthy diet is just one piece of the puzzle when it comes to boosting milk supply. Other factors, such as stress and hydration, can also play a role.

In conclusion, incorporating certain foods into your diet can be a great way to help boost your milk supply and provide your baby with the nourishment they need. But, it is important to always consult with your doctor before making any changes to your diet and to remember that a healthy diet is just one part of the larger picture when it comes to lactation and milk production.

slb lactation food chart


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The Benefits of a Breastmilk Bath for Your Baby

breastmilk bath

As a parent, you want to give your baby the best care possible. From feeding to bathing, every decision you make has a big impact on your baby’s health and well-being. In this article, we’ll be discussing one such decision that many parents often overlook – using breastmilk in their baby’s bath.

A breastmilk bath can have numerous benefits for your baby, and it’s a simple and easy way to incorporate the natural goodness of breastmilk into your baby’s daily routine. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what a breastmilk bath is, the benefits it offers, and how to prepare and give one to your baby.

What is a Breastmilk Bath?

A breastmilk bath is exactly what it sounds like – a bath for your baby that uses breastmilk instead of soap or bubble bath. To prepare the bath, you’ll need to express a small amount of breastmilk and add it to the bathwater. The breastmilk acts as a natural and gentle cleanser, nourishing and moisturizing your baby’s skin.

The Benefits of a Breastmilk Bath

There are many benefits to giving your baby a breastmilk bath. Here are just a few of the most notable:

Hydrates and Moisturizes Skin

Breastmilk is a natural source of hydration, and it can help to soothe and moisturize your baby’s delicate skin. This is especially important during the winter months, when the air is dry and can easily dehydrate your baby’s skin. A breastmilk bath can help to combat dryness and keep your baby’s skin soft and smooth.

Reduces Inflammation

Breastmilk is rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, which can help to reduce inflammation and soothe irritated skin. This is especially helpful for babies with eczema or other skin conditions, as a breastmilk bath can help to relieve itching and discomfort.

Supports Immune System

Breastmilk also contains antibodies and other immune-boosting compounds that can help to protect your baby against infection and illness. By incorporating a breastmilk bath into your baby’s routine, you’ll be helping to support their immune system and keep them healthy.

Gentle and Safe

Commercial baby soaps and bubble baths can contain harsh chemicals that can irritate your baby’s delicate skin. With a breastmilk bath, you can be sure that your baby is being bathed in a gentle and safe solution that won’t cause any harm.

How to Give Your Baby a Breastmilk Bath

Giving your baby a breastmilk bath is simple and straightforward. Here’s what you’ll need:

  • Breastmilk
  • A basin or tub for bathing
  • Warm water
  1. Express a small amount of breastmilk (around 1/4 cup) and set it aside.
  2. Fill your basin or tub with warm water (around 100°F(37Deg) to 105°F(40Deg)).
  3. Pour the expressed breastmilk into the bathwater and stir gently to mix.
  4. Place your baby in the bath and let them soak for 10 to 15 minutes.
  5. Drain the bath and wrap your baby in a soft towel to dry.

It’s that simple! With just a few simple steps, you can give your baby the benefits of a breastmilk bath.


In conclusion, a breastmilk bath is a simple and easy way to incorporate the

natural goodness of breastmilk into your baby’s daily routine. By providing hydration and moisturization, reducing inflammation, supporting the immune system, and being gentle and safe, a breastmilk bath can offer numerous benefits for your baby’s health and well-being.

As a parent, it’s important to make informed decisions when it comes to caring for your baby, and incorporating a breastmilk bath into their routine is a great place to start. Whether you’re looking for a natural and gentle way to cleanse your baby’s skin or simply want to give them the benefits of breastmilk, a breastmilk bath is a simple and effective solution.

So, next time you’re preparing your baby’s bath, consider giving them a breastmilk bath and experience the numerous benefits for yourself. Your baby’s delicate skin will thank you!


My infant has experienced outbreaks of eczema and after incorporating a breastmilk bath into their routine, there has been a noticeable improvement in their condition. The use of a milk bath for your baby has numerous benefits, as the moisturizing fats found in breastmilk can help to soothe redness from sunburn or alleviate the dryness and itching associated with skin conditions such as xerosis or eczema [WebMD].

It is important to note, however, that while a milk bath can offer numerous benefits, if you have concerns about your baby’s skin condition that is not improving, it is crucial to seek the advice of a dermatologist before attempting any form of self-treatment, including a milk bath.

A breastmilk bath is a natural and effective way to promote healthy skin for your baby. It adds hydration and moisturization, making it a great addition to their hygiene routine.



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How to increase your milk supply without losing your mind

increase supply

How to Increase Your Milk Supply Without Losing Your Mind

Becoming a mother is a wonderful experience, but it can also be incredibly challenging, especially when it comes to breastfeeding. If you are struggling to produce enough milk to feed your baby, it can be an incredibly stressful experience. You may worry about not being able to provide your baby with the nourishment they need, and this stress can take a toll on your mental health. However, there are many things you can do to increase your milk supply and reduce your stress levels at the same time. In this article, we will explore some of the best ways to do just that.

Understanding Milk Supply

It is important to understand how milk supply works so that you can take the necessary steps to increase it. Your milk supply is directly influenced by how often you nurse or pump. The more you nurse or pump, the more milk your body will produce. This is because your body responds to the demand for milk by producing more.

Another factor that influences milk supply is the amount of time your baby spends nursing. When your baby is nursing, they stimulate your breasts, which signals your body to produce more milk. If your baby is not nursing effectively, it can reduce your milk supply.

Establishing a Good Latch

Having a good latch is one of the most important things you can do to increase your milk supply. A good latch allows your baby to nurse effectively, which in turn stimulates your body to produce more milk. If your baby is not latching well, it can reduce the amount of time they spend nursing and reduce your milk supply.

To establish a good latch, it is important to position your baby correctly. Make sure their mouth is open wide and that their lips are flanged out. Make sure their tongue is positioned correctly, so that their nipple is in their mouth and not just the tip. A lactation consultant or midwife can help you get the correct positioning, so don’t hesitate to ask for assistance.

Nursing or Pumping Frequently

One of the best ways to increase your milk supply is to nurse or pump frequently. The more often you nurse or pump, the more milk your body will produce. It is recommended to nurse or pump at least 8 to 12 times per day, or every 2 to 3 hours. This will help ensure that you are keeping up with the demand for milk and increasing your supply.

If you are having trouble finding time to nurse or pump, consider using a hands-free pump or a double electric pump to maximize your efficiency. This will allow you to pump while you are doing other things, such as working, reading, or watching TV.

Staying Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water is essential for maintaining a healthy milk supply. Dehydration can reduce your milk supply, so make sure to drink at least 8 glasses of water per day. You can also drink other liquids, such as herbal teas, soups, and broths, to help increase your hydration levels.

Eating a Balanced Diet

Eating a balanced diet is also important for maintaining a healthy milk supply. Make sure to include plenty of protein, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates in your diet. You can also consider taking a lactation supplement, such as fenugreek or blessed thistle, to help increase your milk supply. However, it is important to talk to your doctor before taking any supplements, as they may not be safe for everyone.

Getting Enough Sleep

Getting enough sleep is essential for maintaining a healthy milk supply. When you are well-rested, your body is better able to produce milk and respond to your baby’s demand for it. Aim for at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep per night, and try to take naps during the day if possible. If you are having trouble sleeping, consider trying relaxation techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing, to help you wind down and get the rest you need.

Dealing with Stress

Stress can have a negative impact on your milk supply, so it is important to find ways to manage it. Consider trying stress-reducing activities, such as yoga, exercise, or simply taking a relaxing bath. You can also talk to a counsellor or therapist if you need additional support.

Working with a Lactation Consultant

If you are struggling to increase your milk supply, consider working with a lactation consultant. A lactation consultant can provide you with personalized advice and support, and can help you identify any issues that may be impacting your milk supply. They can also help you with latching techniques and provide guidance on breastfeeding and pumping techniques.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, increasing your milk supply can seem like a daunting task, but it is possible with the right tools and support. Remember that every mother and baby is different, so what works for one may not work for another. Don’t hesitate to reach out to a lactation consultant or other professional for help if you need it. By taking these steps, you can increase your milk supply, reduce your stress levels, and provide your baby with the nourishment they need to thrive.

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Daddies Cheat Sheet: How can you support your breastfeeding wife

breastfeeding wife


How can you support your breastfeeding wife

Breastfeeding is a natural and beautiful process that provides numerous health benefits to both the mother and the baby. However, it can also be challenging, especially for first-time mothers who are still learning the ropes. As a husband, you play an essential role in supporting your wife during this time. This guide will help you understand how you can be a supportive and understanding partner to your breastfeeding wife.

Understanding the Benefits of Breastfeeding

Breast milk is nature’s perfect food for infants, providing all the necessary nutrients for their growth and development. It also helps build immunity and provides the baby with protection against infections and diseases. Additionally, breastfeeding releases hormones that help the mother bond with her baby and reduces the risk of postpartum depression.

Supporting Your Wife Physically

Your wife will likely be physically exhausted during the breastfeeding journey, especially in the early days. To help her get through this stage, you can offer to do household chores, cook meals, and provide her with a comfortable place to rest and breastfeed. Additionally, you can offer to help with baby duties such as diapering and burping.

Encouraging Emotional Support

Breastfeeding can be emotionally challenging for some mothers, and it’s not uncommon for them to feel overwhelmed, anxious, or even frustrated. As a husband, you can provide emotional support by listening to your wife’s concerns, offering encouragement, and reminding her of the benefits of breastfeeding. You can also offer to attend breastfeeding classes and support groups with her to provide additional support and guidance.

Overcoming Common Breastfeeding Challenges

Breastfeeding can be challenging, and it’s not uncommon for mothers to experience problems such as engorgement, mastitis, or low milk supply. To help your wife overcome these difficulties, you can research and suggest solutions, offer to help with household chores, and provide emotional support. Additionally, you can encourage your wife to seek professional help if needed, such as visiting a lactation consultant.

Providing a Supportive Environment

Creating a supportive environment at home is crucial for a successful breastfeeding journey. You can help by ensuring that your wife has a comfortable and private space to breastfeed, avoiding smoking or using scented products around the baby, and avoiding feeding the baby with a bottle or pacifier, which can interfere with breastfeeding.

Making Your Wife’s Health a Priority

Breastfeeding can take a toll on a mother’s physical and emotional health, and it’s essential to prioritize her well-being. Encourage your wife to eat a healthy diet, stay hydrated, and get plenty of rest. You can also offer to help with baby duties and household chores to reduce her stress levels and ensure that she has time for self-care.

In conclusion, supporting your breastfeeding wife is a critical part of the parenting journey, and it’s essential to understand the benefits of breastfeeding and the challenges that may arise. As a husband, you play a vital role in providing physical, emotional, and practical support, and creating a supportive environment at home. Remember, your wife is doing an amazing job, and your support and encouragement can make all the difference.

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SLB Eating Guide and Storage Guide

SLB Eating Guide: SLB Eating instruction and Storage Guide

Thank you mummies for having SLB here with you in your marvellous breastfeeding journey! Now that you have the bakes with you, let us SLB eating guide you on how to have the bakes, the SLB eating instructions, how the bakes are suppose to help and things to take note of when you are having our bakes! Feel free to copy and save the above infographic so that you could do reference at any point of time.

How our Lactation cookies works?

Breastfeeding is nature’s gift to mothers: It’s all-natural and free, and it provides a host of benefits to you and your baby’s overall health. However, it’s often a concern for new mothers that their milk supply isn’t enough. Your milk supply may indeed temporarily diminish if you’re not feeding your little one often enough for a variety of reasons.

Remember that milk supply works the same way as economics: there’s a law of supply and demand. With breastfeeding, the more you nurse, the more milk you produce given the proper positioning and latch. Unfortunately for a number of mothers, their milk supply may still be low. Enter galactagogues, the most popular and most convenient being lactation cookies.

Singapore Lactation Bakes’s bake contains some key ingredients that can help support your breast milk supply.

SLB cookies helps in a way in which our bakes will help with your let down sensation. Once you feel the let down at any point of time, latch or pump immediately. This way your body will respond to the need to make more milk as there are “demand”.

So say you pump 5 times a day with 20ml per pump, now with more let downs, maybe you pump 7 times a day with extra 10ml each pump. So your total output of milk would increase from 100ml to 120ml per day.  If you continue with this routine, you could then slowly wean off the cookies while maintaining the “new” output.

How long does it takes to see effect?

SLB eating guide suggests you enjoy 8-10 cookies per day and or with 1-2 muffins / brownies a day for best results. You may feel fuller/ more let downs by that evening, or it may take a few days before you notice a boost in supply. Some women may not experience an increase; each body is different and responds differently to foods.

However, SLB ‘s cookies, muffins and brownies have helped to support many mummies with milk supply and deliver on taste and nutrition to everyone. Each mother respond differently to lactation cookies. Some moms notice a significant increase in their milk supply within a few hours, while some take a 4-5 days while other could take 1-2 weeks after following the SLB eating instructions.

Can my family members / friends enjoy the lactation bakes?

Absolutely! There is no mystery estrogen in Our lactation bakes, just whole, honest ingredients. With sustained energy from oats, omega 3s from flax,  these bakes are the perfect addition to any man’s gym bag, briefcase. Bring on the daddies! It’s also great for toddlers, kids and older folks too!

Who should avoid eating lactation cookies?

Basically anyone in the family can eat the cookies! ( my 3, 5 and 8 year olds are my cookie testers!). However, Lactation bakes are not suitable for pregnant ladies but its ok to start eating them straight after birth.

We also have some Articles on breastfeeding such as how do you know if you are low supply do you have sore nipples or why your baby keeps drinking and well as some Breastfeeding Tips and pumping hacks that you could adopt to make your breastfeeding journey a little easier. Read thru our breastfeeding recipes too as we have compiled some easy recipe for you too! Lastly, Don’t forget to Eat SLB . Breastfeed. Repeat and continue to put baby to breast as often as possible, pump when necessary, stay hydrated and, most importantly, well-rested (yeah, right).  Thank you for reading our SLB eating guide. I commend you for even reading this far. ?

More questions? read our FAQ for more infos or live chat us if you have more questions ya =)

*Our bakes are not intended as a replacement for professional lactation support. Our bakes provide nutritious and valuable lactation support for nursing mothers and their little ones only when used in collaboration with best breastfeeding practices and/or while under the care of lactation professionals.

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Tips on getting a good breastfeeding latch

Breastfeeding may be the most natural way to feed your baby, but it can take time and practice for you both to get the hang of it. Understanding how a good breastfeeding latch (also known as breastfeeding attachment) should look and feel can be a huge help in getting feeding established.

There’s no right or wrong way to hold and feed your baby, and each mum and baby will find their own preferred position to feed in. What’s important is that you both feel comfortable. Knowing a few different breastfeeding positions and techniques can be helpful as your baby gets bigger and you start to go out more. Read on to find out how to get a good breastfeeding latch!

A Proper Latch

Before breastfeeding, a mother needs to get into a comfortable position as feeding may take 5 minutes to an hour. Use cushions to support the back to prevent it from getting strained. Not only will it help with the back, but it will also help the baby to latch properly. To start feeding, bring the baby towards the nipple; do not bend towards the baby, as it will result in a poor latch and will hurt in the process.

Holding your breast in a “U” shape will help the baby with good latching. It also makes it easy for the baby to latch on. Keep hands 2 inches away from the nipple. Support the neck of the baby with your hand and gently bring the baby towards the breast.

Aim your nipple towards the upper lip of the baby and not towards the centre. If the baby does not latch on the breast, try rubbing the nipple on its upper lip. This way the baby’s head will tilt back. If the baby does not open its mouth, do not force it in but instead gently rub your breast against its mouth. Squeezing a little milk out and then rubbing will also help the baby open its mouth.

Make sure that the mother and the baby are chest to chest with its nose slightly above the breast. As the baby latches on to the breast, ensure that the nipple and areola (the dark area surrounding the nipple) is in the baby’s mouth. This is considered to be a good latch!

Basic Steps for Latching Positioning

  1. Position yourself comfortably with back support, pillows supporting your arms and in your lap with your feet supported.  Whatever feels most comfortable to you!
  2. Position baby close to you with his hips flexed so that he does not have to turn his head to reach your breast. His mouth and nose should be facing your nipple (rather than having to turn his head to face your nipple).
  3. Support your breast if needed so it is not pressing on your baby’s chin. Your baby’s chin should drive into your breast.
  4. Attach or latch your baby onto your breast. Encourage him to open his mouth wide, and pull him close by supporting his back (rather than the back of his head) so that his chin drives into your breast. It helps to tickle his upper lip/nose with your nipple. This will encourage him to open his mouth wide and latch onto your breast. His nose will be touching your breast. Your hand forms a “second neck” for your baby by lightly supporting his neck (not his head).
  5. Enjoy! If you are feeling pain, detach the baby gently and try again.

As you and your baby become more experienced and comfortable with breastfeeding, you’ll find that you can alter your positions in many ways, even from feeding to feeding. As long as you’re comfortable and the baby is nursing successfully, do what works best for you.

How to help your baby latch on the breast

1: Check your latching position.

Position baby close to you

Before you start, and whichever breastfeeding position you choose, make sure your baby’s head, neck and spine are aligned, not twisted. His chin should be up, not dropped towards his chest. Make sure you feel comfortable too – you could use pillows or cushions to support your back, arms or baby.1

2: Encourage your baby to open his mouth

Hold your baby close, your nipple level with his nose. Touch your nipple gently against his upper lip to encourage him to open his mouth wide. The wider his mouth is, the easier it will be to get a good latch on.

3: Bring your baby to your breast   

Once your baby has opened his mouth wide and has brought his tongue over his bottom gum, bring him onto your breast, aiming your nipple towards the top of his mouth. Your baby’s chin should be the first thing that touches your breast. He should take a large portion of your areola into his mouth, with his bottom lip and jaw covering more of the underneath of the areola.  It’s OK if you see part of your areola isn’t inside his mouth – we all have different-sized areolae and different-sized babies! Some mums find that gently shaping their breast at the same time as bringing their baby on to feed helps. Experiment and see what works.

4: Keep your baby close during latch on

Remember mums all have different breast shapes and nipple positions, so you may not always have that ‘textbook’ latch. Whenever possible, keep your baby close to you, with his chin in contact with your breast. Newborn baby’s noses are turned up so they can breathe easily while attached to the breast. This lets them coordinate sucking and breathing with ease.

5: Look and listen

As your baby feeds, your nipple will be against the roof of his mouth, cupped gently by his tongue underneath. The latch should not feel uncomfortable – it should be more of a tugging sensation. Watch your baby – at first, he’ll do short, rapid sucks to stimulate your milk flow (let-down reflex). Once the milk starts flowing, he’ll suck more slowly and deeply with some pauses, which may indicate he’s taking in milk – a good sign! You should see his jaw moving, and may also hear sucking and swallowing as he feeds. These are all good signs, but it’s also important to check your baby is producing plenty of wet and dirty nappies and gaining weight as expected.

6: How to break your baby’s latch on the breast

If your baby’s latch is shallow or painful, or he starts chomping on your nipple or brushing the end of it with his tongue, remove him from your breast and try again. Ease your clean finger gently inside the corner of his mouth to break his suction if you need to.

How To Confirm If Your Latch Is Good?

Knowing the right breastfeeding latching tips and being aware of common latching signs can make your problems go away in no time. It will make breastfeeding a seamless and hassle-free process. Here are the signs of proper breastfeeding latching amongst babies:

  • No pain – If the breastfeeding process feels smooth and less painful, then you’ve latched your baby on properly.
  • Comfortable positioning – Put pillows behind your lower back for added support. If you’re breastfeeding your baby in bed, put some pillows below your knees for cushioning and support.
  • Nipple inside baby’s mouth – When you’re breastfeeding correctly, the entire nipple should be inside the baby’s mouth
  • Tummy-to-tummy position – Position your baby in a way that her tummy faces yours during the breastfeeding process.
  • Head and neck alignment – Make sure the baby’s neck and head align in the same direction so that there’s no discomfort faced when bringing the baby close to your nipple.
  • Breast support – Support your breast in a way that baby’s chin drives into your breast and not the other way around.
  • Close positioning – Position your baby close to your nipples so that she doesn’t have to bend or turn her head to reach your breast.
  • Mouth and nose facing nipple – Your baby’s mouth and nose should face the nipple with the nose touching the breast during the breastfeeding process.
  • A level head and bottom – Your baby’s head should be at level with the bottom of his body during the breastfeeding process.
  • Wide mouth – Encourage your baby to open his mouth wide during the breastfeeding process.

The cheeks of the baby will look full, its chin must rest on the breast, and the nose must be free and above the breast. The baby does not make any noise except for swallowing. After the feeding, there will be no change in the shape of the nipple and the baby will look satisfied, any previous irritation disappears, and the baby might even fall asleep.

There will be no movement in the lower jaw of the baby. Instead of an up and down movement, there will be circular movements in the baby’s mouth. With good latching, the baby will be relaxed. If the baby is still restless then the latch is not done properly and will have to be redone.

Some videos to help

Here’s a video on how to get on a good latch for new mothers.


Here’s another awesome video on how to latch!

In conclusion

Remember, breastfeeding should not be painful.  A good breastfeeding latch will help keep discomfort to a minimum.  If your baby is not latched on well, problems like cracked and sore nipples can develop. Once a good position and latch are established, breastfeeding can be a wonderful, pain-free bonding experience between you and your baby.

If you are still experiencing any nipple pain, dryness or discomfort, try a nipple cream.

If you need further assistance, many hospitals have lactation consultants. Seek to work with a lactation consultant at the hospital or birthing centre in which you delivered. If you are already home, you can speak with your healthcare provider. You can also call a breastfeeding helpline or contact an independent lactation consultant. Join our breastfeeding community to ask fellow mummies for support too!

Last but not least like what Kellymom mentions

No matter what latch and positioning look like, the true measure is in the answers to these two questions:

  1. Is it effective?
  2. Is it comfortable?

Even if the latch and positioning look perfect (yes, even if a lactation consultant told you it was fine), pain (particularly after the first two weeks) and/or ineffective milk transfer indicates that something needs to change, and the first suspect is ineffective latch/positioning.
If the baby is transferring milk and gaining weight well, and mom is not hurting, then latch and positioning are – by definition – good, even if they look nothing like the “textbook” latch.

“Rules and regulations have no place in the mother-baby relationship. Each mother and baby dyad is different and what works well for one mother and baby may not work well for another mother and baby. The important thing to do is to look at the mother and baby as individuals.”– Andrea Eastman, MA, CCE, IBCLC in The Mother-Baby Dance

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SLB Breastfeeding Tip #1

The way your baby is cared for and nurtured immediately after birth significantly impacts their transition from the womb to life outside. In a culture that commonly separates mothers and babies for routine procedures such as cleaning, weighing and measuring, most babies are missing that critical time of being skin to skin with their mothers, which has short and long term consequences for all. As these procedures are not necessary to maintain or enhance the wellbeing of either mother or baby, there is no reason why they cannot be delayed beyond the first critical hour. The first hour should be focused on baby’s first breastfeed and mother-baby and family bonding. Unless mother or baby is in need of medical assistance, hospital protocols should support this time of new beginnings for both vaginal and caesarean births.

I personally have requested for skin to skin straight after birth and the new born checks are not executed till much later. I was able to bond with Jo2 and Jo3 for at least an hour before the nurses carried them for their newborn checks.

What Is An Undisturbed First Hour?


Babies are born and immediately placed tummy down on their mother’s stomach. A warm blanket should be placed over both mother and baby, to keep mother warm. This slows the production of adrenaline hormone in her so as to not interfere with oxytocin and prolactin hormones being produced (essential for bonding and breastfeeding). At this time, the mother’s needs are simple: warmth and a quiet, calm environment. It is important to remember that she is still in labour – the placenta and membranes are still to be birthed, and her uterus needs to contract down.

At this time, the mother’s needs are simple: warmth and a quiet, calm environment. It is important to remember that she is still in labour – the placenta and membranes are still to be birthed, and her uterus needs to contract down.

Here are 6 important reasons why the first hour after birth should be undisturbed:

#1: Baby-Led Initiation of Breastfeeding

It is quite common these days for hospital staff to want baby to begin breastfeeding within the first hour. In addition to the importance of early feeding for mother-baby attachment and bonding, it also helps to expel the placenta more quickly and easily, reducing the risk of postpartum haemorrhage. Read more about the benefits of a natural third stage here. It’s common for caregivers to assist baby to latch onto the nipple, which is unnecessary in most cases. When babies who have not been exposed to medications are placed skin to skin with their mothers and left undisturbed, they will instinctually crawl to their mother’s breast and attach themselves to the nipple. This is now known as the ‘breast crawl’ and was first observed by Swedish researchers in the 1980s. Further observation discovered that babies are born with innate instincts that assist them in finding their mother’s nipple, like all newborn mammals. I have noticed that it takes about 30 mins for Jo3 to have the latching instinct so mummies just take your time and do not panic if your baby doesn’t appear to want to latch immediately.

#2: Body System Regulation

Babies who are left skin to skin with their mothers for the first hours immediately after birth are better able to regulate their temperature and respiration. Newborns aren’t able to adjust their body temperature as well as older children and adults as they don’t have the same insulating fat levels. They have spent nine months in an environment that is perfectly temperature controlled. If babies lose too much heat, they have to use more energy and oxygen than they can spare to try and keep their temperature stable An undisturbed first hour with skin to skin also reduces the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels). Newborn babies can produce glucose from their body stores of energy until they are breastfeeding well and are more likely to do so when they remain skin to skin with their mothers.

#3: Promotes Mother-Baby Attachment

Prolonged skin to skin after birth allows mother and baby to get to know each other. Mothers who have skin to skin contact after birth are more likely to feel confident and comfortable in meeting their babies’ needs than those who had none. Attachment is critical to newborn survival and mothers are hard wired to look after their young. Oxytocin receptors in a woman’s brain increase during pregnancy, so when her baby is born, she is more responsive to this hormone that promotes maternal behaviour. Oxytocin is produced in large amounts when breastfeeding and holding babies close skin to skin. Mothers who had early skin to skin with their babies are more likely to demonstrate bonding behaviours later in their child’s life, such as kissing, holding, positive speaking and so on. Skin-to-skin is becoming a reality for more c-section mothers and do as much skin to skin as you can in the first few days will really promote and help with your breastfeeding journey.

#4: Improves Breastfeeding Success Rates

Breastfeeding initiation and duration is likely to be more successful with babies who have early skin to skin contact. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for babies in the first six months to achieve optimal growth, development and health. Creating the right conditions for the initiation of breastfeeding would help promote longer durations of breastfeeding for many women. Babies who are left to self attach usually have a better chance of proper tongue positioning when latching. This can increase long term breastfeeding as mothers experience more ease and fewer problems when latching is not an issue.

#5: Protects Against The Effects of Separation

Babies are born ready to interact with their mothers – a newborn baby who has not been exposed to excessive medication will be very alert and gaze intently into their mother’s face, recognising her smell, sound of her voice and the touch of her skin. Remaining with their mother is key to a baby’s survival and separation is life threatening. Babies are born with a mammal’s primal instinct to stay within the safe habitat of mother, where there is warmth, safety and nourishment. When babies are separated from their mother they will protest loudly, drawing their mother’s attention to their distress. Babies undergo what is literally a cold turkey withdrawal from the sensory stimulation of their mother’s body. If they are not reunited with their mother despite their protests, they will go into a despair state – essentially giving up and becoming quiet and still. This is partly a survival instinct to avoid attracting predators, and their body systems slow down to preserve energy and heat.

#6: Boost Your Baby’s Immunity

Naturally when babies are born, they emerge from a near-sterile environment in the uterus and are seeded by their mother’s bacteria. This essentially trains the baby’s cells to understand what is ‘good’ and ‘bad’ bacteria. This kickstarts their immune system to fight off infections and protects from disease in the future. Research indicates that if babies aren’t given this opportunity to be exposed to their mother’s bacteria, either because they are not born vaginally, held skin to skin or breastfed, then the baby’s immune system may not reach its full potential and can increase the child’s risk of disease in the future. Skin to skin contact and early breastfeeding is an excellent way to help increase your baby’s exposure to bacteria if you need a caesarean section for medical reasons.



Credit: Belly Belly Australia

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Top 14 Breastfeeding Problems Mummies Face

breastfeeding problem

Breastfeeding isn’t always easy. Because many mothers face a few challenges along the way, we’ve uncovered 14 breastfeeding problems you might encounter, plus solutions to help you fix your breastfeeding relationship with your babe. If these ideas don’t work for you be sure to seek out expert help from a lactation consultant,  a public health nurse, your midwife or your doctor.


It’s normal for your nipples to feel sore when you first start to breastfeed, especially if you’re a first-timer. But if baby has latched and the pain lasts longer than a minute into your feeding session, check the positioning.


  • Try to achieve an asymmetrical latch where baby’s mouth covers more of the areola below the nipple rather than above.
  • To reposition him, place your index finger inside baby’s mouth to take him off your breast. Tickle his chin or wait until he yawns so his mouth is wide open and seize your opportunity.
  • When he is correctly positioned, his chin and nose touch your breast, his lips splay out and you can’t see your nipple or part of the lower areola.
  • If baby’s position is correct and latching on still hurts, your nipples may be dry. Make sure to wear loose clothing and avoid washing with soap. Lanolin-based creams are good for applying between feedings.



Cracked nipples can be the result of many different things: thrush, dry skin, pumping improperly, or most likely, latching problems. During the first week of breastfeeding, you may have bloody discharge when your baby is just learning to latch or you are just beginning to pump. A little blood, while kind of gross, won’t harm baby.


  • Check baby’s positioning — the bottom part of your areola underneath your nipple should be in baby’s mouth.
  • try breastfeeding more frequently, and at shorter intervals. The less hungry baby is, the softer his sucking will be.
  • As tempting as it is to treat your cracked nipples with anything you can find in your medicine cabinet, soaps, alcohol, lotions, and perfumes are no good — clean water is all you need to wash with.
  • Try letting some milk stay on your nipples to air dry after feeding (the milk actually helps heal them).
  • You can also try taking a mild painkiller like acetaminophen or ibuprofen 30 minutes before nursing.
  • If all this fails, try an over-the-counter lanolin cream, specially made for nursing mothers and use plastic hard breast shells inside your bra.



Ducts clog because your milk isn’t draining completely. You may notice a hard lump on your breast or soreness to the touch and even some redness. If you start feeling feverish and achy, that’s a sign of infection and you should see your doctor. Most importantly try not to have long stretches in between feedings — milk needs to be expressed often. A nursing bra that is too tight can also cause clogged ducts. Stress (something all new mommies have an over abundance of) can also affect your milk flow.


  • Do your best to get adequate rest (you should recruit your partner to pick up some slack when possible)
  • try applying warm compresses to your breasts and massage them to stimulate milk movement.
  • Clogged ducts are not harmful to your baby because breastmilk has natural antibiotics. That said, there’s no reason why you have to suffer. Breastfeeding should be enjoyable for mom and baby.



Engorgement makes it difficult for baby to latch on to the breast because it’s hard and un-conforming to his mouth.


  • Try hand-expressing a little before feeding to get the milk flowing and soften the breast, making it easier for baby to latch and access milk. Of course, the more you nurse, the less likely your breasts are to get engorged.



Mastitis is a bacterial infection in your breasts marked by flu-like symptoms such as fever and pain in your breasts. It’s common within the first few weeks after birth (though it can also happen during weaning) and is caused by cracked skin, clogged milk ducts, or engorgement.


  • The only sufficient way to treat the infection is with antibiotics, hot compresses, and most importantly, frequent emptying.
  • Use hands-on pumping, making sure the red firm areas of the breast and the periphery are softened.
  • It’s safe and actually recommended that you continue breastfeeding when you have mastitis. Take paracetamol or ibuprofen (not aspirin) to relieve the pain, as instructed on the packet or by a pharmacist.
  • Keep breastfeeding or pumping frequently. Your milk is still safe for your baby to drink. Flowing milk will help clear any blockage and prevent further painful build-up. Stopping suddenly could exacerbate symptoms.
  • You may need to express any leftover milk after feeds.
  • Offer your baby the affected breast first. This may help your baby to drain it adequately. If this is too painful, start on the non-affected side to get the milk flowing, then switch.
  • Rest, drink and eat well. Make sure you’re having plenty of fluids and eating nutritious foods.
  • Massage the area in a warm bath or shower, or compress with a warm flannel or heat pack to help release the blockage and ease symptoms before feeding or expressing. Use a cool pack after feeds to reduce inflammation.



Thrush is a yeast infection in your baby’s mouth, which can also spread to your breasts. It causes incessant itchiness, soreness, and sometimes a rash.


  • Your doctor will need to give you antifungal medication to put on your nipple and in baby’s mouth — if you’re not both treated at the same time, you can give each other the fungi and prolong healing.



Breastfeeding is a supply-and-demand process. If your doctor is concerned about baby’s weight gain, and he is being plotted on the World Health Organization curves designed for breastfeeding babies, this may be the problem.


  • Lactation Cookies or Lactation Muffins by Singapore Lactation Bakes will help you with more let downs. Combined with frequent nursing and hands-on pumping during the day can help increase milk supply.
  • Pump or latch when you are having let downs or when fuller breast after having the SLB lactation cookies or SLB lactation muffins helps to tune your body to make more milk.



Baby is sleepy in the first couple of months after birth (hey, he’s been through a lot) so falling asleep while nursing is common. All that bonding makes baby relaxed!


  • Milk flow is fastest after your first let-down, so if you want to increase efficiency, start off at the fuller breast, then switch to the other breast sooner, rather than later.
  • When you notice baby’s sucking slowing down and his eyes closing, remove him from your breast and try to stimulate him by burping, tickling his feet, or gently talking to him while rubbing his back, and then switch breasts.
  • As baby gets older he’ll be able to stay awake longer, so don’t fret.



You can tell if you have flat or inverted nipples by doing a simple squeeze test:  Gently grab your areola with your thumb and index finger — if your nipple retracts rather than protrudes, you’ve got a problem, Houston. Not really. But breastfeeding will be more challenging.


  • Use a pump to get the milk flowing before placing baby at your nipple and use breast shells between feeds.
  • Once you feel like your milk supply is adequate, try using nipple shields if baby still has problems latching.



Your breast is like a machine — when you let down, all the milk-producing engines constrict to move the milk forward and out of your nipple. Sometimes the working of these inner parts can hurt, especially when in overdrive. Some mothers feel a prickly pins-and-needles sensation and others just get an achy feeling.


  • If this feeling of pins and needles goes beyond a mere tingling and feels more like a hundred little daggers poking your breasts, you need to check for a breast infection (yeast or bacteria). Sometimes this pain develops when you have an excessive amount of milk.
  • Try feeding baby longer on one particular breast and switching to the other only if you need to.
  • If the result is an infection (fever, aches, and chills may be present), you’ll need to get antibiotics from your doctor.
  • No matter how unpleasant it is for you, it’s still safe for baby to nurse.



  • Skin to skin is the way to go,”. It’s like a magical cure for the non-latching baby (and helps with other issues too).
  • Get naked from the waist up, strip baby down to just a diaper, and get yourself comfortable in a semi-reclining position with baby on your chest.
  • When your baby is ready, he’ll scoot down to the breast and latch on. (You many need to provide your baby with expressed milk in a cup or syringe until he figures it out, and pumping or hand-expressing during this time will also help build up your milk supply.)



  • This may just be a perfectly normal baby. Babies have small stomachs and they really do need filling up frequently.
  • Imagine if you were asked to double your weight in the next six months, as an average baby will do. What would you have to do?
  • You’d eat a lot.” Some mothers also have less storage capacity in their breasts, so while they produce plenty of milk over 24 hours, the baby needs to eat frequently (it’s called cluster feeding) to get enough.
  • If the baby is otherwise gaining well, having at least two or three poppy diapers each day and your nipples are not sore, frequent feedings may just be the norm for your baby. If baby is not gaining well, speak to your paediatrician or family doctor.



  • This usually happens somewhere from six to ten weeks and mothers are often concerned that their milk production has faltered for some reason.
  • In most cases it’s actually good news, It means your breasts have adjusted to meet the actual appetite of your baby.
  • Instead of filling up between feedings, the milk doesn’t start to flow until the baby is nursing.
  • Just keep an eye on your baby’s weight gain and diaper contents to be sure everything is going well.



  • Most babies will try out their gums or teeth at some time
  • Try pulling the baby in close so that your breast blocks his nose and he has to let go to breathe, rather than trying to pull back which can make him clamp down harder.
  • If you’re alert when the baby is nursing, you may be able to catch the moment when he pulls his tongue back in order to bite down.
  • Be ready to stick a finger in the corner of his mouth and prevent him from chomping on you. Be gentle —he doesn’t mean to hurt you!

So there you have some quick breastfeeding problem-solvers that may help you past some of the common breastfeeding challenges. Still having problems? Don’t hesitate to seek out more assistance from some of the lactation experts in your community, who can tailor their advice to your situation.

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Pumping hack #4

pumping hack

Many mummies asked how do I keep my supply from dropping and my answer is always (apart from having my delicious bakes), pump and latch at the same time. And so this is how I do it.

I cradle latch Jo3 at a side then pump at the other. I’ll then exchange side if she needs more then I’ll pump an additional 5-10 mins on both sides after she is done .

Some practice is needed for this cause sometimes babies might kick their competitor away. ?

Breastfeeding is tough and team Slb wanna tell mummies out there that you are awesome and we are here for you!

So, keep calm and Eat.Breastfeed.Repeat