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Flange Size Guide for Breastfeeding Mothers

breast flange size



Flange Size Guide for Breastfeeding Mothers

Breastfeeding can be a beautiful and fulfilling experience for mothers and their babies. However, it can also be challenging, especially for new mothers who are still getting used to their new role. One of the biggest challenges that new mothers face is finding the right size of flange for their breastfeeding needs. A flange is the part of the breast pump that fits over the nipple and areola to create suction and express milk.

It’s important to choose the right flange size as it can affect the comfort and efficiency of the pumping experience. A flange that is too small can cause discomfort, pain, and even nipple damage, while a flange that is too large can be ineffective and cause milk to leak. In this flange size guide, we will provide all the information you need to help you find the perfect size for your breastfeeding needs.

Understanding the Anatomy of the Nipple and Areola

Before we dive into finding the right flange size, it’s important to understand the anatomy of the nipple and areola. The nipple and areola are the two parts of the breast that are essential for breastfeeding. The nipple is the part that sticks out, while the areola is the dark-colored skin surrounding the nipple.

The size of the nipple and areola can vary greatly from mother to mother, and can even vary between the two breasts. It’s important to measure both nipples and areolas to ensure that you have the correct size for both.

Measuring Your Nipple and Areola

To determine the correct flange size, it’s important to measure both your nipple and areola. The easiest way to do this is to use a measuring tape or a ruler. Start by measuring the diameter of your nipple at its widest point. This is the most important measurement, as a flange that is too small will cause discomfort and pain.

Next, measure the diameter of your areola at its widest point. This measurement is important because it will help you determine the correct size of flange for your particular anatomy. If your nipple is small and your areola is large, you may need a larger flange to accommodate both.

Flange Sizes: What’s Available and What to Choose

Breast pump manufacturers offer flanges in a variety of sizes, ranging from 21mm to 36mm. It’s important to choose a flange size that is appropriate for your nipple and areola size. If you’re unsure what size to choose, it’s best to start with the smaller size and work your way up until you find the right size for you.

Here’s a general guide to help you choose the right flange size:

  • 21mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring less than 20mm
  • 24mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 20mm to 24mm
  • 27mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 24mm to 27mm
  • 30mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 27mm to 30mm
  • 36mm flange: suitable for nipples measuring 30mm to 36mm

It’s important to note that these are just general guidelines and not all mothers will fit into these categories. If you’re still unsure about your flange size, it’s best to consult with a lactation consultant or your healthcare provider for personalized advice.

Tips for Choosing the Right Flange Size

Here are some tips to help you choose the right flange size for your breastfeeding needs

  1. Measure your nipple and areola size: As mentioned earlier, it’s important to measure both your nipple and areola size to determine the correct flange size. Don’t rely solely on the general guidelines as they may not apply to your specific anatomy.
  1. Try different sizes: If you’re not sure what size to choose, don’t be afraid to try different sizes. Start with a smaller size and work your way up until you find the right size for you. You can also try different shapes of flanges, such as the round or the funnel shaped, as some mothers find that one shape works better for them than the other.
  2. Consider your pumping frequency: If you plan on pumping frequently, it’s important to choose a flange that is comfortable and efficient. A comfortable flange will help you avoid discomfort and pain, which can make pumping less enjoyable and even cause you to give up breastfeeding.
  3. Check for proper suction: Once you’ve chosen a flange size, make sure to check for proper suction. A proper suction means that the flange is creating a seal around your nipple and areola, allowing for efficient milk expression. If the flange is too small, the suction will be insufficient, and if it’s too large, the suction will be too strong, causing discomfort and pain.
  4. Replace your flanges regularly: It’s important to replace your flanges regularly as they can become stretched out or worn down over time, affecting the suction and comfort. A good rule of thumb is to replace your flanges every three to six months.


Choosing the right flange size is an important aspect of breastfeeding, and it can make a big difference in your pumping experience. By following the tips and guidelines in this flange size guide, you can ensure that you find the perfect size for your breastfeeding needs. Don’t be afraid to try different sizes, and don’t hesitate to consult with a lactation consultant or your healthcare provider for personalized advice. Remember, the most important thing is to find a flange size that is comfortable, efficient, and helps you reach your breastfeeding goals.



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68 foods that boost milk supply.

food to boost milk supply

Boosting Milk Supply with Food: A Comprehensive Guide for Nursing Mothers

Hook: As a nursing mother, one of the primary concerns is to ensure a steady and sufficient milk supply. But did you know that certain foods can help boost milk production and improve lactation? Read on to learn about the best foods for increasing milk supply and how to incorporate them into your diet.

Introduction: Breastfeeding is a wonderful experience for both the mother and the baby, but it also comes with its challenges. One of the most common issues faced by nursing mothers is low milk supply. Many factors can contribute to low milk production, but a nutritious diet can make a big difference. By incorporating certain foods into your diet, you can help increase your milk supply and provide your baby with all the nutrients they need.

 What are the best foods for boosting milk supply?

  1. Oatmeal: Oatmeal is a great source of iron and complex carbohydrates, which are both essential for maintaining a healthy milk supply. Eating a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast can help increase lactation and provide you with the energy you need to care for your baby.
  2. Fenugreek: Fenugreek is a herb that has been used for centuries to promote milk production in nursing mothers. It is available in capsule form or as a tea, and has been shown to be effective in increasing milk supply in some women.
  3. Fennel seeds: Fennel seeds are another popular lactogenic food that has been used for generations to boost milk supply. They have a licorice-like flavor and can be chewed on their own or added to tea.
  4. Leafy greens: Leafy greens, such as spinach and kale, are rich in calcium and other essential nutrients that are important for lactation. They are also a good source of folic acid, which can help reduce the risk of birth defects.
  5. Brewer’s yeast: Brewer’s yeast is a type of yeast that is rich in B vitamins, iron, and chromium, all of which are important for maintaining a healthy milk supply. It can be found in supplement form or added to recipes like pancakes and breads.

How to incorporate these foods into your diet

  1. Make oatmeal a staple in your breakfast routine.
  2. Try fenugreek capsules or tea, but be sure to talk to your doctor before starting any new supplement.
  3. Add fennel seeds to your tea or sprinkle them on top of a salad.
  4. Incorporate leafy greens into your meals by making a spinach salad or adding kale to your smoothies.
  5. Use brewer’s yeast as a supplement or add it to baked goods and snacks.

Precautions and considerations

  1. Every woman is different and what works for one may not work for another.
  2. Some herbs, including fenugreek, can have adverse effects or interact with certain medications, so it is important to talk to your doctor before adding them to your diet.
  3. A healthy diet is just one piece of the puzzle when it comes to boosting milk supply. Other factors, such as stress and hydration, can also play a role.

A nutritious diet can make a big difference in maintaining a healthy milk supply for nursing mothers. By incorporating foods such as oatmeal, fenugreek, fennel seeds, leafy greens, and brewer’s yeast into your diet, you can help increase lactation and provide your baby with the nourishment they need. However, it is important to remember that every woman is different, and what works for one may not work for another. Before making any changes to your diet, it is always a good idea to talk to your doctor, as some herbs and supplements can have adverse effects or interact with certain medications. Additionally, a healthy diet is just one piece of the puzzle when it comes to boosting milk supply. Other factors, such as stress and hydration, can also play a role.

In conclusion, incorporating certain foods into your diet can be a great way to help boost your milk supply and provide your baby with the nourishment they need. But, it is important to always consult with your doctor before making any changes to your diet and to remember that a healthy diet is just one part of the larger picture when it comes to lactation and milk production.

slb lactation food chart


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Breastfeeding During Your Period

low supply during period

What to do when your period slows  your milk supply

Many women believe that they won’t have their period while they are breastfeeding, but this belief is often not true. While some women may not experience the start of their normal period until months after their child is weaned, other women may begin their period within a few weeks or months after giving birth, while other women may spot off and on while breastfeeding or have irregular periods. Whether or not you get your period while you are breastfeeding is going to depend on many things and it is possible that with each pregnancy your period may start at a different time.

How Your Period Affects Your Breast Milk

Some women worry that having their period while breastfeeding will somehow make their breast milk unhealthy for their baby to drink. This couldn’t be further from the truth. Your breast milk is still perfectly healthy for your child and there is no reason why you can’t continue breastfeeding during your period, although your breasts may feel a little tender.

However, your period may have some minor effects on your breast milk. In some cases, your breast milk may taste a little different to your infant during your period so they may become fussy or not drink as much as normal. In other cases, the supply of your breast milk may diminish slightly due to hormonal changes in your body. As long as your baby is continuing to eat enough and gain weight there is nothing to worry about. However, if you are worried that your infant is not getting enough to eat either because they refuse to feed due to the taste of your milk or because you have less milk, then consult a medical professional.

Things You Can do to Keep Your Supply of Milk Abundant During Your Period

If your breast milk supply does slow or dwindle there are some natural things you can do to help stimulate your body into making more milk. Here are some things you can try to help increase production during this time.

  • Increase Feedings- One of the first things you could try is increasing the number of times you breastfeed a day and the length of time you spend breastfeeding each session. If your breast milk supply has decreased, your baby will probably welcome an extra feeding or two. In the alternative, your infant may also want to feed longer at each feeding to feel full. By increasing your feedings to meet your baby’s hunger, you will be also encouraging your body to produce more milk.


  • Stimulate Your Breast Between Feedings- Stimulating your breasts between feedings by either using a breast pump or by hand stimulation can also help increase your production of breast milk. Power Pumping helps too.


  • Herbal Breastfeeding Tea- You can also drink some herbal breastfeeding tea to help gently increase your breast milk production.



  • Stay hydrated: It’s important to stay hydrated during your period, as this can help reduce engorgement and discomfort.


  • Use pain relief: If you’re experiencing menstrual cramps, over-the-counter pain relief medication can help. Just be sure to consult with your doctor first.


  • Change nursing pads frequently: To prevent leaks and maintain hygiene, it’s important to change nursing pads frequently during your period.


  • Use a warm compress: A warm compress can help relieve engorgement and discomfort during breastfeeding.


  • Take care of yourself: Don’t forget to take care of yourself during your period, by getting plenty of rest, eating well, and practicing self-care



Breastfeeding during your period can be a challenging experience, but it’s important to remember that it’s safe and won’t harm your baby. With the right information and support, you can continue breastfeeding successfully even during your menstrual cycle. By following the tips and advice in this article, you can make the experience as smooth and comfortable as possible. Remember, the most important thing is to take care of yourself and your baby, and to seek support from a lactation consultant or healthcare provider if you need it.

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The Benefits of a Breastmilk Bath for Your Baby

breastmilk bath

As a parent, you want to give your baby the best care possible. From feeding to bathing, every decision you make has a big impact on your baby’s health and well-being. In this article, we’ll be discussing one such decision that many parents often overlook – using breastmilk in their baby’s bath.

A breastmilk bath can have numerous benefits for your baby, and it’s a simple and easy way to incorporate the natural goodness of breastmilk into your baby’s daily routine. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what a breastmilk bath is, the benefits it offers, and how to prepare and give one to your baby.

What is a Breastmilk Bath?

A breastmilk bath is exactly what it sounds like – a bath for your baby that uses breastmilk instead of soap or bubble bath. To prepare the bath, you’ll need to express a small amount of breastmilk and add it to the bathwater. The breastmilk acts as a natural and gentle cleanser, nourishing and moisturizing your baby’s skin.

The Benefits of a Breastmilk Bath

There are many benefits to giving your baby a breastmilk bath. Here are just a few of the most notable:

Hydrates and Moisturizes Skin

Breastmilk is a natural source of hydration, and it can help to soothe and moisturize your baby’s delicate skin. This is especially important during the winter months, when the air is dry and can easily dehydrate your baby’s skin. A breastmilk bath can help to combat dryness and keep your baby’s skin soft and smooth.

Reduces Inflammation

Breastmilk is rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, which can help to reduce inflammation and soothe irritated skin. This is especially helpful for babies with eczema or other skin conditions, as a breastmilk bath can help to relieve itching and discomfort.

Supports Immune System

Breastmilk also contains antibodies and other immune-boosting compounds that can help to protect your baby against infection and illness. By incorporating a breastmilk bath into your baby’s routine, you’ll be helping to support their immune system and keep them healthy.

Gentle and Safe

Commercial baby soaps and bubble baths can contain harsh chemicals that can irritate your baby’s delicate skin. With a breastmilk bath, you can be sure that your baby is being bathed in a gentle and safe solution that won’t cause any harm.

How to Give Your Baby a Breastmilk Bath

Giving your baby a breastmilk bath is simple and straightforward. Here’s what you’ll need:

  • Breastmilk
  • A basin or tub for bathing
  • Warm water
  1. Express a small amount of breastmilk (around 1/4 cup) and set it aside.
  2. Fill your basin or tub with warm water (around 100°F(37Deg) to 105°F(40Deg)).
  3. Pour the expressed breastmilk into the bathwater and stir gently to mix.
  4. Place your baby in the bath and let them soak for 10 to 15 minutes.
  5. Drain the bath and wrap your baby in a soft towel to dry.

It’s that simple! With just a few simple steps, you can give your baby the benefits of a breastmilk bath.


In conclusion, a breastmilk bath is a simple and easy way to incorporate the

natural goodness of breastmilk into your baby’s daily routine. By providing hydration and moisturization, reducing inflammation, supporting the immune system, and being gentle and safe, a breastmilk bath can offer numerous benefits for your baby’s health and well-being.

As a parent, it’s important to make informed decisions when it comes to caring for your baby, and incorporating a breastmilk bath into their routine is a great place to start. Whether you’re looking for a natural and gentle way to cleanse your baby’s skin or simply want to give them the benefits of breastmilk, a breastmilk bath is a simple and effective solution.

So, next time you’re preparing your baby’s bath, consider giving them a breastmilk bath and experience the numerous benefits for yourself. Your baby’s delicate skin will thank you!


My infant has experienced outbreaks of eczema and after incorporating a breastmilk bath into their routine, there has been a noticeable improvement in their condition. The use of a milk bath for your baby has numerous benefits, as the moisturizing fats found in breastmilk can help to soothe redness from sunburn or alleviate the dryness and itching associated with skin conditions such as xerosis or eczema [WebMD].

It is important to note, however, that while a milk bath can offer numerous benefits, if you have concerns about your baby’s skin condition that is not improving, it is crucial to seek the advice of a dermatologist before attempting any form of self-treatment, including a milk bath.

A breastmilk bath is a natural and effective way to promote healthy skin for your baby. It adds hydration and moisturization, making it a great addition to their hygiene routine.



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How to increase your milk supply without losing your mind

increase supply

How to Increase Your Milk Supply Without Losing Your Mind

Becoming a mother is a wonderful experience, but it can also be incredibly challenging, especially when it comes to breastfeeding. If you are struggling to produce enough milk to feed your baby, it can be an incredibly stressful experience. You may worry about not being able to provide your baby with the nourishment they need, and this stress can take a toll on your mental health. However, there are many things you can do to increase your milk supply and reduce your stress levels at the same time. In this article, we will explore some of the best ways to do just that.

Understanding Milk Supply

It is important to understand how milk supply works so that you can take the necessary steps to increase it. Your milk supply is directly influenced by how often you nurse or pump. The more you nurse or pump, the more milk your body will produce. This is because your body responds to the demand for milk by producing more.

Another factor that influences milk supply is the amount of time your baby spends nursing. When your baby is nursing, they stimulate your breasts, which signals your body to produce more milk. If your baby is not nursing effectively, it can reduce your milk supply.

Establishing a Good Latch

Having a good latch is one of the most important things you can do to increase your milk supply. A good latch allows your baby to nurse effectively, which in turn stimulates your body to produce more milk. If your baby is not latching well, it can reduce the amount of time they spend nursing and reduce your milk supply.

To establish a good latch, it is important to position your baby correctly. Make sure their mouth is open wide and that their lips are flanged out. Make sure their tongue is positioned correctly, so that their nipple is in their mouth and not just the tip. A lactation consultant or midwife can help you get the correct positioning, so don’t hesitate to ask for assistance.

Nursing or Pumping Frequently

One of the best ways to increase your milk supply is to nurse or pump frequently. The more often you nurse or pump, the more milk your body will produce. It is recommended to nurse or pump at least 8 to 12 times per day, or every 2 to 3 hours. This will help ensure that you are keeping up with the demand for milk and increasing your supply.

If you are having trouble finding time to nurse or pump, consider using a hands-free pump or a double electric pump to maximize your efficiency. This will allow you to pump while you are doing other things, such as working, reading, or watching TV.

Staying Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water is essential for maintaining a healthy milk supply. Dehydration can reduce your milk supply, so make sure to drink at least 8 glasses of water per day. You can also drink other liquids, such as herbal teas, soups, and broths, to help increase your hydration levels.

Eating a Balanced Diet

Eating a balanced diet is also important for maintaining a healthy milk supply. Make sure to include plenty of protein, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates in your diet. You can also consider taking a lactation supplement, such as fenugreek or blessed thistle, to help increase your milk supply. However, it is important to talk to your doctor before taking any supplements, as they may not be safe for everyone.

Getting Enough Sleep

Getting enough sleep is essential for maintaining a healthy milk supply. When you are well-rested, your body is better able to produce milk and respond to your baby’s demand for it. Aim for at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep per night, and try to take naps during the day if possible. If you are having trouble sleeping, consider trying relaxation techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing, to help you wind down and get the rest you need.

Dealing with Stress

Stress can have a negative impact on your milk supply, so it is important to find ways to manage it. Consider trying stress-reducing activities, such as yoga, exercise, or simply taking a relaxing bath. You can also talk to a counsellor or therapist if you need additional support.

Working with a Lactation Consultant

If you are struggling to increase your milk supply, consider working with a lactation consultant. A lactation consultant can provide you with personalized advice and support, and can help you identify any issues that may be impacting your milk supply. They can also help you with latching techniques and provide guidance on breastfeeding and pumping techniques.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, increasing your milk supply can seem like a daunting task, but it is possible with the right tools and support. Remember that every mother and baby is different, so what works for one may not work for another. Don’t hesitate to reach out to a lactation consultant or other professional for help if you need it. By taking these steps, you can increase your milk supply, reduce your stress levels, and provide your baby with the nourishment they need to thrive.

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Daddies Cheat Sheet: How can you support your breastfeeding wife

breastfeeding wife


How can you support your breastfeeding wife

Breastfeeding is a natural and beautiful process that provides numerous health benefits to both the mother and the baby. However, it can also be challenging, especially for first-time mothers who are still learning the ropes. As a husband, you play an essential role in supporting your wife during this time. This guide will help you understand how you can be a supportive and understanding partner to your breastfeeding wife.

Understanding the Benefits of Breastfeeding

Breast milk is nature’s perfect food for infants, providing all the necessary nutrients for their growth and development. It also helps build immunity and provides the baby with protection against infections and diseases. Additionally, breastfeeding releases hormones that help the mother bond with her baby and reduces the risk of postpartum depression.

Supporting Your Wife Physically

Your wife will likely be physically exhausted during the breastfeeding journey, especially in the early days. To help her get through this stage, you can offer to do household chores, cook meals, and provide her with a comfortable place to rest and breastfeed. Additionally, you can offer to help with baby duties such as diapering and burping.

Encouraging Emotional Support

Breastfeeding can be emotionally challenging for some mothers, and it’s not uncommon for them to feel overwhelmed, anxious, or even frustrated. As a husband, you can provide emotional support by listening to your wife’s concerns, offering encouragement, and reminding her of the benefits of breastfeeding. You can also offer to attend breastfeeding classes and support groups with her to provide additional support and guidance.

Overcoming Common Breastfeeding Challenges

Breastfeeding can be challenging, and it’s not uncommon for mothers to experience problems such as engorgement, mastitis, or low milk supply. To help your wife overcome these difficulties, you can research and suggest solutions, offer to help with household chores, and provide emotional support. Additionally, you can encourage your wife to seek professional help if needed, such as visiting a lactation consultant.

Providing a Supportive Environment

Creating a supportive environment at home is crucial for a successful breastfeeding journey. You can help by ensuring that your wife has a comfortable and private space to breastfeed, avoiding smoking or using scented products around the baby, and avoiding feeding the baby with a bottle or pacifier, which can interfere with breastfeeding.

Making Your Wife’s Health a Priority

Breastfeeding can take a toll on a mother’s physical and emotional health, and it’s essential to prioritize her well-being. Encourage your wife to eat a healthy diet, stay hydrated, and get plenty of rest. You can also offer to help with baby duties and household chores to reduce her stress levels and ensure that she has time for self-care.

In conclusion, supporting your breastfeeding wife is a critical part of the parenting journey, and it’s essential to understand the benefits of breastfeeding and the challenges that may arise. As a husband, you play a vital role in providing physical, emotional, and practical support, and creating a supportive environment at home. Remember, your wife is doing an amazing job, and your support and encouragement can make all the difference.

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Breast shield: Choosing the right one for you

Did you know that breast shields ( flanges) come in different sizes? Many mummy experience inefficient pumping session, and the reason is usually because of wrong breast shield size. Many breast pumps ship with size 27mm or 28mm in Singapore; however, that doesn’t mean that everyone will fit that size (we don’t all wear the same sized shoes, after all). There are breast shields on the market ranging in size from 15mm to 36mm!

Follow this simple guide to determine your breast shield size but first thing first

Pump for 5 minutes, and then measure

It’s a common misunderstanding to measure your nipple before you start pumping, but you actually have to measure the nipple after you pump. The reason is simple. The nipple swells while pumping, and since the rate of swelling varies between women, it’s important to take this swollen measurement to select a comfortable shield size. Grab the shield that came with your pump, assemble it to the milk collection kit and then pump on a low setting for 5 minutes, so the nipple swells. You might even express milk while doing this (if this is your first time pumping, be sure to use the lowest vacuum setting to avoid any pain or discomfort).

Measure the diameter of the nipple at the base of the nipple

After your nipple has swollen, measure the diameter of the nipple at the base of the nipple. Be careful not to include any areola in the measurement. Gently lay a ruler onto the areola next to the base of the nipple so the measurement lines are visible when looking straight at the breast. This can be tricky so some women find that doing it in front of a mirror or using a smart phone in selfie mode is helpful.

Select a shield size 2-3mm larger than your nipple diameter

To allow the nipple to move freely within the flange while pumping and to avoid any pain or discomfort (or worse – blisters!) from rubbing, select a shield size that is 2-3mm larger than the diameter of your nipple. For example, if your nipple measures at 18mm, you would want to try the 20mm shield. It’s important not to go too large either because excess areola can be drawn into the flange, causing discomfort, pain, or even constriction of milk flow.

Signs your breast shield may be too small

  • Painful rubbing of nipple in flange.
  • Nipple not moving freely inside of flange.
  • Redness of the nipple.
  • Whiteness of the nipple and/or a white ring around the base of the nipple.
  • Little milk is being expressed.
  • General discomfort while pumping.

Signs your breast shield may be too large

  • Excess areola is drawn into the flange or even up and around the nipple. Note that a small amount of areola may enter the flange for some women; however, it should never be uncomfortable or painful.
  • Sensation of pulling and/or pulling pain.
  • Nipple is pulled to the end of the flange.
  • Shield falls from the breast while pumping.
  • Little milk is being expressed.
  • General discomfort while pumping.

Size that is just nice

  • A properly sized breast shield should be very comfortable.
  • You should barely be able to feel it while pumping.
  • Just a gentle tugging sensation on the nipple and nowhere else.
  • You should not see any excess areola being drawn into the flange
  • Should not feel a pulling sensation or pain while using your breast pump.
  • After your pumping session, your nipple should be free of any redness or whiteness.
  • Pumping should be pain-free

Additional factors impacting breast shield size

breast shield

Although the above instructions provide a good indication of the size of breast shield you will need, there are few things to consider:

  • Every woman’s body responds differently to pumping. It is possible your measurements before pumping might change during pumping, therefore we suggest taking measurements of the swollen nipple 5 minutes after pumping.
  • Your measurements might be different throughout the day. For example, you might be fuller in the morning after going a few hours without pumping and/or feeding at night, warranting a larger size. You might also be smaller in the evening after consistent pumping or feeding throughout the day.
  • You might be larger at the beginning of a pumping session, and smaller after some milk has been expressed.
  • Your measurements might change after your milk supply is well-established (about 10 weeks postpartum).
  • One breast may need a different sized breast shield than the other.

However, you should not follow this guideline blindly because the info graphic merely relies on nipple diameter only. In addition to nipple diameter, you should also consider the following factors:

  • Check how your nipple moves while pumping.

The nipple should move freely and it should not rub the side wall of the flange. You may see a little bit of areola gets pulled, but not the whole areola. And your nipple should not hit the back wall of the breast shield.

  • Comfort

Even if you think you already choose the best breast shield size, but you feel uncomfortable / painful while pumping, that means something is not right. Try to size up or down. Nipple redness / or sore feeling after pumping is also an alarm that you may need to choose different breast shield size.

  • Effectiveness of pumping

If you feel you breast is not emptied after pumping, you may suspect that you don’t use the correct breast shield size (note: various factors can affect this, breast shield size is just one of possible reason).

  • Breast tissue / elasticity

Some women has a very elastic tissue so that the skin will get pulled easier. In this case, it is possible that pumping makes nipple get elongated so much until it hits the back wall of the flange. For this case, using breast shield with longer ‘tunnel’, or using smaller insert in bigger breast shield may help.

SLB Nipple Ruler

Simply print it out, fold along the line, and carefully cut out the circles.

The nipple ruler works on both US Letter and A4 paper sizes. Make sure you select “full size” or “100%” in your print menu (don’t “scale to fit”). You can also print it on larger sizes like US Legal or A7, but you might have to trim off the extra

Nipple ruler
Flange size

At the end of your pumping session, use the circles to measure the diameter of your nipple at the base. You should select a size that is snug, but not constricting, around your nipple.

Here’s another Nipple Ruler we found from MayMom

breast shield

If you have more questions or need further help with breast shield sizing, reach out to a Certified Lactation Consultant. In the long run, it’s worth taking the time to determine the breast shield size that’s right for you. You’ll benefit by maximising your pumping sessions so you can get back to what matters most – the little one you’re pumping for!


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Am I a low supply mummy?

low milk supply

Am I a low supply mummy?

Are you concerned about your milk supply? It’s a common question that many new mothers grapple with. Often, there’s a worry that you’re not producing enough milk for your baby. This concern is one of the primary reasons some mothers consider stopping breastfeeding. However, there’s reassuring news: Almost all women have the capacity to produce ample milk for their baby.

Before you worry further, let’s debunk some myths and provide you with clear indicators to help you understand whether your milk supply is sufficient.

As a new mother, it’s natural to wonder if you are producing enough milk for your baby. There are several common indicators that mothers often worry about, but it’s important to know that these aren’t always reliable signs of low milk supply. Let’s address these myths and focus on what truly matters.

Common Myths About Milk Supply:

  1. Baby Taking a Full Bottle After Nursing: Babies may take more from a bottle due to its ease of feeding, not necessarily because they’re still hungry.
  2. Not Leaking Milk or Missing the Letdown Feeling: Many women don’t experience leaking or a strong letdown sensation and still produce enough milk.
  3. Feeling of Fullness or Emptiness in Breasts: This is often related to your body’s adaptation to breastfeeding and doesn’t accurately reflect your milk production.
  4. Frequency/Length of Feedings: Babies feed at different rates and intervals; this can vary widely and is not a reliable indicator of milk supply.
  5. Amount of Milk Pumped: Pump output is not always an accurate measure of how much milk you are producing.

Accurate Indicators of Adequate Milk Supply:

  1. Regular Bowel Movements: If your baby is pooping regularly. (3-6 poopy diaper), it’s a good sign they’re digesting enough milk.
  2. Consistent Urination: Multiple wet diapers a day (around 6 or more) indicate adequate hydration from milk.
  3. Contentment and Sleep Patterns: A baby who is feeding well usually appears satisfied, sleeps well, and is generally not fussy.
  4. Steady Weight Gain: Regular weight checks with your pediatrician can reassure you that your baby is growing as expected.

1. Baby’s Bowel Movements:

  • Newborn Stage: Expect at least 3-6 daily diapers with large, seedy, mustard-colored poops in 24 hours. This is a good sign your baby is getting enough milk.
  • After 2-3 Months: The frequency may decrease to one poop a day or even one every other day. This is still normal and indicates adequate milk intake.

2. Baby’s Urination:

  • Wet Diapers: Look for 6-8  diapers per day (good indication is when the indicator on the diaper changes from yellow to blue). For a sense of what to expect, a wet diaper should feel like it has about three tablespoons of water in it.
  • Color: Urine should be light yellow in color, which is a good hydration indicator.

3. Baby’s Behavior Post-Feeding:

  • Contentment: A content and ready-to-nap baby post-feeding is a good sign. It’s similar to how you feel after a satisfying meal.
  • Crying and Fussing: If your baby frequently cries or fusses after nursing, it could indicate hunger or a lower milk supply. However, remember that fussing can also be due to other reasons like colic,tummy ache, baby not feeling well etc.
  • General Activity: An active, alert, and generally healthy baby usually means everything is fine.

4. Baby’s Weight Gain:

  • Steady Increase: A consistent weight gain of around 120g to 200g per week is a clear indicator of good milk supply and adequate feeding.

What causes low supply?

increase milk supply singapore

Breastfeeding is a dynamic relationship between a mother and her baby, largely governed by the principles of supply and demand. However, sometimes this delicate balance can be disrupted, leading to issues with milk supply. Understanding the potential causes of these disruptions can help you identify and address any supply concerns you might be facing.

Factors That Can Affect Milk Supply:

  1. Supplementing with Formula or Other Liquids: Breastfeeding works on a supply-and-demand basis. Supplementing with formula, juice, or water can reduce the demand signal to your body, leading to decreased milk production.
  2. Bottle Preference: Babies may find it easier to get milk from a bottle due to the different sucking mechanism required. This can lead to a preference for the bottle over the breast, affecting the baby’s ability to nurse effectively and impacting milk supply. Try pace bottle feeding to reduce the risk of bottle preference.
  3. Use of Pacifiers: While pacifiers can be soothing, they can also affect your baby’s latch and reduce the time spent breastfeeding, potentially leading to a drop in milk supply.
  4. Nipple Shields: While helpful in some situations, nipple shields can sometimes reduce nipple stimulation or interfere with milk transfer, impacting the supply-demand cycle.
  5. Returning to Work: The separation from the baby and the stress of re-entering the workforce can challenge a mother’s ability to maintain milk supply. Planning and strategies for pumping at work can help.
  6. Scheduled Feedings: Sticking to a strict feeding schedule can disrupt the natural supply and demand cycle, potentially leading to decreased milk supply.
  7. Sleepy Baby: In the first few weeks, some babies may be too sleepy to nurse frequently or effectively, necessitating more proactive feeding to establish milk supply.
  8. Cutting Short Nursing Sessions: Ending feedings before the baby naturally stops can disrupt milk production. The latter part of a feeding is rich in fat, which is important for the baby’s weight gain and satiety.
  9. Offering Only One Breast Per Feeding: While this can be fine once milk supply is established, offering both breasts can be beneficial if you’re working to increase supply.
  10. Baby’s Health or Anatomical Issues: Conditions like jaundice, tongue-tie, etc., can hinder effective milk removal, impacting supply.
  11. Maternal Health and Factors: Various factors like uncontrolled anemia, hypothyroidism, previous breast surgeries, hormonal imbalances (e.g., PCOS), certain medications, and smoking can affect milk supply.

Breastfeeding success often hinges on understanding and optimizing your milk supply.
Remember the golden rule: the more your baby drinks, the more you produce.

Here’s how you can encourage a healthy milk supply:

1. Correct Latching and Positioning:

  • A good latch ensures efficient, pain-free milk transfer from breast to baby. If you’re experiencing pain or your baby isn’t swallowing well, the issue might be with the latch or position.
  • Consult a IBCLC for help with latching. They can provide personalized guidance and support.

2. Hands-On Techniques:

  • Before nursing, apply warmth to your breasts, shoulders, and upper back to encourage milk letdown and flow.
  • Breast massage and compressions can also stimulate milk production.

3. Demand Feeding:

  • Consider demand feeding, where you nurse your baby whenever they show signs of hunger, regardless of frequency or duration.
  • Skin-to-skin contact during these sessions sends a signal to your body to produce more milk.

4. Using a Quality Breast Pump:

  • Pumping after feedings, or as often as possible, helps to “empty” your breasts, signaling your body to increase milk production. Remember, breasts are never truly empty as they constantly produce milk.

5. Hydration and Relaxation:

  • Stay hydrated by keeping water nearby during breastfeeding sessions.
  • Drinking lactation tea can also help you relax and potentially boost milk supply.

6. Power Pumping:

  • Mimicking cluster feeding through power pumping sessions can encourage your body to produce more milk.

7. Rest and Stress Management:

  • Adequate rest is crucial. If possible, have your partner or support person care for your baby while you take a break or nap.
  • Minimize stress, as it can negatively impact milk production.

8. Galactagogues:

  • Your doctor might recommend medications like metoclopramide or domperidone to increase prolactin levels and milk supply.
    1. Rolled Oats: High in fiber and iron, oats are often recommended for nursing mothers. Iron deficiency has been linked to decreased milk supply, making oats an excellent dietary choice.
    2. Brewer’s Yeast: A nutritional powerhouse, brewer’s yeast is rich in B-vitamins, protein, and essential minerals like selenium and chromium. These nutrients are not only vital for overall health but are also believed to aid in milk production.
    3. Flaxseed: Flaxseeds are a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are important for a baby’s brain development. They also contain phytoestrogens that might help in boosting milk supply.

SLB Bakes: Enhancing Your Milk Supply Through Galactagogues
In the realm of breastfeeding, diet plays a pivotal role in milk production. This is where SLB Bakes comes into the picture, offering a delicious and practical solution for mothers looking to naturally boost their milk supply.

What are Galactagogues? Galactagogues are foods, herbs, or medications that are believed to help increase breast milk production. They have been used traditionally in various cultures and are gaining popularity among new mothers for their potential lactation benefits.

SLB Bakes’ Special Ingredients: Our range of SLB Bakes products incorporates key galactagogue ingredients known for their potential to enhance milk supply. These include:

We understand that variety is the spice of life, especially when it comes to food. Our SLB Bakes series offers a range of options to cater to different tastes and preferences. From hearty cookies to fluffy muffins and versatile pancake mixes, each product is designed to be both nutritious and delicious.

When Supplementing is Necessary: If you’ve tried these strategies and still struggle to meet your baby’s needs ( and this should always be advised by a Dr), supplementing might be necessary. Remember to always offer the breast first to maintain your supply. Even small amounts of breast milk can provide significant health benefits.

Remember: You are not a failure if you need to supplement. Breastfeeding is about more than just nutrition; it’s about the bond you share with your baby. Supplementing is just another way to nurture and care for your little one.

Embrace the journey, and know that every step you take is about providing the best care for your baby.

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Heightened Phase 2: 5 Gifts ideas for new mums that they’ll actually use

heightened phase 2

5 Gifts ideas for new mums that they’ll actually use during Heightened Phase 2 of covid in Singapore

Of course, all mothers want the same thing: rest. But since we can’t wrap that up and give it to her as a present, we’ll have to settle for the next best thing.

We’ve compiled a list of gift ideas that new mothers will love; whether it is skincare to do an at-home spa, or yummy treats to feast on, or adorable clothes for her and the baby, we’ve got it all here on this list! No matter if it’s her first baby, or baby no. 3, she is sure to appreciate and love all these gifts. Especially with covid-19 around and a second wave in Singapore, she may not feel safe shopping around for herself, so you can be sure that she will appreciate new things.

Ksisters – Skincare line

ksisters skin care new mum

We’d all love to head to the spa and get some facials done, especially in this stressful period. Unfortunately, the government just announced the closure of all facilities that require your mask to be off, so we have to settle for the next best thing. Ksisters is your one-stop shop for everything feminine related – skincare, makeup, clothes for mama and baby, jewelry, even other lifestyle goods! She can easily do an at-home spa day with their amazing skincare products. With their wide range of goods, we’re sure that mum will appreciate anything on this website.

Singapore Lactation Bakes – Complete New Mom Gift Hamper

new mum gift set

It’s a common worry for any mummy wishing to breastfeed their child to worry about their milk supply. But not to fret, SLB’s gift hamper comes with everything a new mum needs! Lactation cookies and their other lactation bakes all help to increase your milk supply through the use of superfoods, and the gift set also comes with a nursing cover, soft toys and even a teething toy! If you know that mum is worrying about her milk supply, be sure to get these for her to ease her worry. She’ll also get to enjoy the yummy cookies, brownies… drool

Oeteo – Newborn gift set

new mum gift set

Oeteo, a local supplier of baby clothes, has some of the cutest baby clothes we’ve ever seen. With covid rampaging around, it’s best for mum to stay at home to keep herself safe. Unfortunately, she won’t be able to shop for baby clothes, so you can help her out by doing the shopping for her! Oeteo’s newborn gift set is perfect for mum since it comes with all the clothes, blankets, mittens that she’ll ever need!

Hegen – PCTO™ Double Electric Breast Pump

Hegen milk bottle new mum

This gift set is curated perfectly for newborn babies, making it easy and efficient for mum to breastfeed! Hegen’s innovative, all-in-one express, store and feed system allows mums to use the same container for everything by simply switching out the attachment, so there’s no wastage. All the attachments mum will ever need are included in this gift set, so it’s perfect for her! Their patent pending one-handed closing system is perfect for mums who only have one free hand from holding the baby!

5. Jump Eat Cry’s Nursing line

jump eat cry new mum

If mum is a fashionista, look no further than Jump Eat Cry! They have a nursing and maternity line, easily accommodating both nursing needs and a growing belly. Many people associate nursing clothes with un-fashionable articles of clothing, but these are trendy while still being functional! If you know the baby’s gender, you can even buy a matching set for mum and baby, so they can wear matching clothes and look adorable together. And make sure to purchase their gift packaging so it looks extra special!


All these gifts are great for mums, but at the end of the day the most important thing is that you stay by mum’s side and give her reassurance and encouragement! Make sure she knows that you’re there for her. Motherhood is amazing and incredible, but also frustrating and tiring. She will most definitely appreciate your support if you do!

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SLB Eating Guide and Storage Guide

SLB Eating Guide: SLB Eating instruction and Storage Guide

Thank you mummies for having SLB here with you in your marvellous breastfeeding journey! Now that you have the bakes with you, let us SLB eating guide you on how to have the bakes, the SLB eating instructions, how the bakes are suppose to help and things to take note of when you are having our bakes! Feel free to copy and save the above infographic so that you could do reference at any point of time.

How our Lactation cookies works?

Breastfeeding is nature’s gift to mothers: It’s all-natural and free, and it provides a host of benefits to you and your baby’s overall health. However, it’s often a concern for new mothers that their milk supply isn’t enough. Your milk supply may indeed temporarily diminish if you’re not feeding your little one often enough for a variety of reasons.

Remember that milk supply works the same way as economics: there’s a law of supply and demand. With breastfeeding, the more you nurse, the more milk you produce given the proper positioning and latch. Unfortunately for a number of mothers, their milk supply may still be low. Enter galactagogues, the most popular and most convenient being lactation cookies.

Singapore Lactation Bakes’s bake contains some key ingredients that can help support your breast milk supply.

SLB cookies helps in a way in which our bakes will help with your let down sensation. Once you feel the let down at any point of time, latch or pump immediately. This way your body will respond to the need to make more milk as there are “demand”.

So say you pump 5 times a day with 20ml per pump, now with more let downs, maybe you pump 7 times a day with extra 10ml each pump. So your total output of milk would increase from 100ml to 120ml per day.  If you continue with this routine, you could then slowly wean off the cookies while maintaining the “new” output.

How long does it takes to see effect?

SLB eating guide suggests you enjoy 8-10 cookies per day and or with 1-2 muffins / brownies a day for best results. You may feel fuller/ more let downs by that evening, or it may take a few days before you notice a boost in supply. Some women may not experience an increase; each body is different and responds differently to foods.

However, SLB ‘s cookies, muffins and brownies have helped to support many mummies with milk supply and deliver on taste and nutrition to everyone. Each mother respond differently to lactation cookies. Some moms notice a significant increase in their milk supply within a few hours, while some take a 4-5 days while other could take 1-2 weeks after following the SLB eating instructions.

Can my family members / friends enjoy the lactation bakes?

Absolutely! There is no mystery estrogen in Our lactation bakes, just whole, honest ingredients. With sustained energy from oats, omega 3s from flax,  these bakes are the perfect addition to any man’s gym bag, briefcase. Bring on the daddies! It’s also great for toddlers, kids and older folks too!

Who should avoid eating lactation cookies?

Basically anyone in the family can eat the cookies! ( my 3, 5 and 8 year olds are my cookie testers!). However, Lactation bakes are not suitable for pregnant ladies but its ok to start eating them straight after birth.

We also have some Articles on breastfeeding such as how do you know if you are low supply do you have sore nipples or why your baby keeps drinking and well as some Breastfeeding Tips and pumping hacks that you could adopt to make your breastfeeding journey a little easier. Read thru our breastfeeding recipes too as we have compiled some easy recipe for you too! Lastly, Don’t forget to Eat SLB . Breastfeed. Repeat and continue to put baby to breast as often as possible, pump when necessary, stay hydrated and, most importantly, well-rested (yeah, right).  Thank you for reading our SLB eating guide. I commend you for even reading this far. ?

More questions? read our FAQ for more infos or live chat us if you have more questions ya =)

*Our bakes are not intended as a replacement for professional lactation support. Our bakes provide nutritious and valuable lactation support for nursing mothers and their little ones only when used in collaboration with best breastfeeding practices and/or while under the care of lactation professionals.